New user registration
Event organizer registration
Login via your institution account
Login via your organization account
Login via your publisher account
Login using your new user credentials
Forgot username or password?
Subscribe to SciArchives
Economics, Econometrics and Finance >
Economics and Econometrics
Indian Journal of Economics and Development
Publisher:Indian society for Education and Environment
Editor in chief:Prof.Natarajan Gajendran
Your selection(s) could not be saved due to an internal error. Please try again.
Browse by Volumes
Socio-Economic Problems Of Irula Tribes In Attappadi Area
Author:Preemy P. Thachil.
Volume: 4 | Issue no: 11-2016 | Pagination: 1-5
Background/Objectives: In India, the first tribal block established in Attappady one of the most backward blocks in Kerala. Even after the fifty years of formation, Attappady is still suffering from extreme starvation and malnourishment. Hence it is important to study the demographic profile and socio - economic problems of Irula tribes in Attapadi Block, Palakkad District of Kerala. Methods/Statistical Analysis: Both primary and secondary data are used in the study. The sampling technique that was adopted for the study was convenience sampling a type of non-probability sampling. A structured questionnaire was prepared and one hundred households were interviewed who belonging to Irula group. Findings: The study reveals that socio economic background of Irula community is in a very pathetic situation. Poverty, malnutrition, Family liability, lack of interest in studies, lack of hostel facilities, ignorance of the parents, early marriage, inadequate transport facilities, insufficient educational facilities, poor medical facilities, social exclusion and discrimination etc. are the major livelihood issues of Irula community. Application/Improvements: In order to uplift their situation initiative from the government is the needed step for improving their socio-economic condition.
Application Of Conjoint Analysis For Consumer Preference Evaluation In Ragi In Karnataka
Author:Veerabhadrappa Bellundagi, K.B. Umesh, H.S. Roopa, S.C. Ravi.
Volume: 4 | Issue no: 10-2016 | Pagination: 1-6
Objectives: Conjoint Analysis is a statistical technique where respondents ranked preferences for different offers decomposed to determine the person's inferred utility function for each attribute and the relative importance of each attribute. The present study was attempted to evaluate the consumer preference for ragi in Karnataka, India. Methods/Statistical analysis: The required data was collected from 120 sample respondents from Bengaluru and Vijayapura districts, respectively using structured interview schedule for the selection of attributes, later based on the consumer preferences the cards were generated in SPSS and same was used to evaluate the consumer preference for new release of ragi variety. For the Study, the conjoint analysis was employed. Findings: The results reveal that, among all the attributes of ragi studied in Bengaluru urban, taste was found to be most important and first consideration of consumers? accounting for 39.33 per cent of relative importance with good taste having the utility of 1.21. In case of Bengaluru rural, price was found to be most important and first deliberation, accounting for 35.60 per cent of relative importance. Among all the attributes studied in ragi in Vijayapura urban, colour was found to be most significant and first consideration, accounting for 41.39 per cent. In case of Vijayapura rural also colour was found to be most significant and first consideration, accounting for 36.23 per cent. Application: Based on the consumer preference for ragi, colour was found to be one of the most important attributes, so research has to be taken up to develop colouredragi varieties with bioavalibility of nutrients.
An Empirical Analysis Of Relation Between Income, Consumption And Investment Of Rural Haryana
Author:Dr. Shveta Singh, Urmila.
Volume: 4 | Issue no: 10-2016 | Pagination: 1-7
Objectives: The present study aims to analyse the Relation between Income, Consumption and Investment of Rural Haryana. Methods/Statistical analysis: This study is based on the primary data A questionnaire is prepared and the personal interviews method is used to collect the primary data from rural household. The sample selected involved 100 households. Stratified random sampling technique is used for sample selection. Haryana is divided into four divisions for administrative purpose that is Ambala, Rohtak, Gurgaon and Hisar. Data collected is analyzed by using regression analysis and MANOVA. Findings: The regression outcome shows that there is a significant relationship between household income and household consumption expenditure and there is also a significant relationship between household income and household investment in rural Haryana. As the income of the household increases, simultaneously there is high increase in consumption expenditure as compared to investment. MANOVA results revealed that there is no significant relationship between income and consumption expenditure, but it is significant in case of total investment Application/Improvements: In Haryana none of the study has been conducted to measure or analyse relationship between income, consumption and investment of rural household especially at micro level. Most of the studies on income, consumption and investment pattern of rural people are based on secondary data which sometimes does not prove to be adequate for the study. Most of the data available does not serve the needs of Haryana in a ground level prospective. So the current research paper seeks to analyse the relationship between Income, Consumption and Investment of rural Haryana.
Participation Of Tribal In Gram Sabha At Gajpati District, Odisha
Author:Sanghamitra Palai, Dr.M.Hilaria Soundari.
Volume: 4 | Issue no: 10-2016 | Pagination: 1-6
Background/Objectives: The specific objectives of the study are (1) Implementation of Panchayats Extension to Scheduled Areas (PESA) Act in Odisha, (2) To study the role of Gram Sabha, (3) To analyse the reviews related to PESA Act in Odisha, (4) To suggest some alternatives for the better implementation. Methods/Statistical analysis: The study is based on primary data and secondary data. The primary data were collected through a structured schedule and samples are drawn by employing simple random sampling method. Findings: Even though the Gram Sabha is organised well, the participants do not have any knowledge about the functioning of it, due to many reasons like long distance, lack of transport facility, etc. The participants do not regularly attend the meeting. PESA Act is not effectively working in the state. All plans and programmes are implemented by the government but it is not properly reaching tribes, because they are not adequately aware of the Act. Improvements/Applications: Creating awareness among people regarding Gram Sabha is important for their better participation. Tribal need to be educated regarding their Rights and Acts so as to achieve better co-ordination between the people and the Government. Government need to introduce very strong monitoring system in accessing the effectiveness of PESA Act.
Green House Gases Emission Reduction: Targets And Achievements By Annex I Parties (1990-2012)
Volume: 4 | Issue no: 10-2016 | Pagination: 1-13
Objectives: To analyse target achievements of Annex 1 parties' reduction of greenhouse gases emissions (GHG) by 2012as per 1st phase of Kyoto Protocol. To analyse the methods used to achieve these targets. Methods/Statistical analysis: Secondary data from World Development Indicators and UNFCCC websites have been used. Tabular method ? totals and percentages have been computed to analyse differences in achievements of various countries. Pie graph is drawn to show the shares of compliant countries. Findings: Overall GHG emission reduction from the 40 Annex 1 countries exceeded the target in 2012. However, 88% of this GHG decrease was due to the collapse of thirteen economies in transition (EIT). Of the remaining Annex 1 countries, only 13 had reduced, while the others had increased their emissions by 2012. Thus, the net decrease amounted to just 1.04% of 1990 levels in 2012, far below the Kyoto target of 5%. But for the historical chance of collapse of the socialist countries during this time period, the actual emissions reduction by these countries would have been negligible, thus defeating the purpose of the Kyoto Protocol. The Flexible mechanisms available to Annex 1 parties were also examined for their efficacy or otherwise towards cutting GHG emissions. We find many inadequacies in their implementation and functioning and their effectiveness in tackling climate change to ensure sustainable development. We did not find any earlier study of such an analysis. Application: This analysis throws light on the manner in which Annex 1 countries are undertaking reduction of their GHG emissions. It shows that the actual achievement by 2012 in reducing GHGs has been negligible compared to the target. It shows the negligent attitude taken by most of the Annex 1 Parties, and the need to speed up the process of capping GHG emissions to negate climate change effects and to attain sustainable development. We feel that this paper will help to highlight the actual GHG reductions by Annex 1 parties, and the loopholes through which parties are escaping their emissions reducing responsibilities to combat climate change.
Operation, Issues And Challenges Of Microfinance In India
Volume: 4 | Issue no: 9-2016 | Pagination: 1-4
Objective: The main objective this paper is to understand the concept of microfinance, the operation and to identify the latest issues, problems and challenges in effective implementation of various Microfinance programmes. Method: Secondary data forms the basis for this paper as the study is descriptive in nature. Books, various websites, magazines, newspapers, and publications of recent research papers available in different websites are the sources of data. Findings: The study reveals that While Micro Finance Sector seems to be growing fast with no road blockages, it has also brought to fore several challenges and issues. Some of such issues are: providing varietal savings avenues to the micro finance beneficiaries, and mobilization of such savings by MFIs, creating regulatory frame work for MFIs, provision of finance to MFIs as a regular channel of finance/refinance, reduction in cost of resources/management resulting in lending rates for micro finance beneficiaries, safety and precautions for MFIs entering into new financial services like micro leasing, insurance, housing, medical services etc. Applications: This paper provides a platform for researchers to understand the problems and challenges in effective implementation of various Microfinance programmes.
Resource-Use Efficiency Of Sugarcane Production In Gobichettipalayam Taluk Of Erode District Of Tamil Nadu: An Economic Analysis
Volume: 4 | Issue no: 9-2016 | Pagination: 1-10
Objective: To identify the socio-economic characteristics of sugarcane farmers, to analysis the cost and returns of sugarcane production, to examine the resource use pattern of sugarcane cultivating of varying farm size and to evaluate the farm level technical efficiencies in the production of sugarcane in Gobichettipalayam taluk of Erode District in Tamil Nadu. Methods/Statistical analysis: The study was confined to a sample of 150 sugarcane farmer households selected from six villages of Gobichettipalayam taluk of Erode District in Tamil Nadu, India. A simple percentage analysis was employed to identify the socio-economic characteristics and cost and returns of sugarcane cultivation for the selected sample farmers. The Stochastic Production Frontier Function model of the Cobb-Douglas type used incorporates a model for the technical inefficiency effects. Findings: The study found that the majority of farmers belonged to nuclear family; their family size had 2-4 members; their age had 40?60 years and had a small family monthly income of Rs.15,000 to Rs.30,000. The educational status of the farmers was secondary level. The output elasticities of sugarcane with respect to area under crop, seed, family labour and machine hours were worked out to 0.2689, 0.2341, 0.1923 and 0.0698 respectively. The estimated value of σ u 2 and σ v 2 were 0.0824 and 0.0217 respectively. A high value registered for γ (0.7916) indicated the presence of significant inefficiencies in the production of sugarcane among the farmers. The study concluded that the majority of the sugarcane farmer's still employ low level of modern technology in sugarcane cultivation. Also, most of the sugarcane farmers are middle-aged, non-literate males; this had greatly contributed to inefficiency in sugarcane production among the sugarcane farmers. Application/Recommendation: The central and state governments should invest more in functional agricultural extension services to enhance efficient use of available productivity increasing inputs. Farmer should be provided with minimum support price for their produce to make them survival assured. The agricultural department officials may give training and suggestion to the farmers regarding the use of recommended dose of fertilizer and pesticide and to reduce the harvesting cost of sugarcane, machinery with high technology may be used with increased numbers.
Basic Amenities, Health And Nutrition In The Bimaru Economies Of Bihar And Madhya Pradesh
Author:Shailendra Singh Rana.
Volume: 4 | Issue no: 9-2016 | Pagination: 1-8
Objective-This study is an endeavor to get a relative insight into the basic amenities, health and nutrition status between the two BIMARU economies of Madhya Pradesh and Bihar. Methods-This research study is based on the analysis of data taken from the fourth National Family Health Survey (2015-16). Findings-Most alarming features of Bihar and Madhya Pradesh are high infant and child mortality rates and malnutrition among children. Sex ratio for both the states is above national average which is a good sign for women empowerment. Except for access to improved drinking water source, other basic amenities electricity and improved sanitation facilities present a grim picture for both the states. Fertility rates in both the states are moving closer to the population stabilizing to total fertility rate of 2.1.At the time when medical inflation in India is as high as 15% ,minuscule percentage of household with any health insurance or health scheme clearly indicates a tremendous financial burden on the population on account of out of pocket expenditure on health. Gender disparity has been found in the HIV/AIDS awareness among adults which puts women at higher risk of infection. Applications- Findings of this research study may be utilized to identify the solutions to the basic amenities, health and nutrition problems in Bihar and Madhya Pradesh.
An Analysis Of Banana Cultivation In Theni District, Tamil Nadu
Author:C. Mahalakshmi, S. Vinoth Kumar, P. Maneesh, J. Syed Ali Fathima.
Volume: 4 | Issue no: 9-2016 | Pagination: 1-12
Objectives: To examine the production, cost performance, and the factors influencing banana cultivation in Theni District of Tamil Nadu, India. Methods/Statistical analysis: The study relies exclusively on primary information obtained from the banana cultivators of Theni District. Purposive sampling procedure was followed for the selection of the study area. It is found that there are 90 farmers cultivating banana in the selected village and therefore, all of them are considered as respondents for the study. Findings: The natural factors affecting the banana crop production include water storage, soil fertility, problems of soil, insects, weeds and crop variety. Water storage and weeds were reported by majority of cultivators as a major problem affecting crop productivity. Among the economic factor affecting banana cultivation, 88 percent of the respondents reported that fluctuations in price as the major reason. Inadequacy in credit and capital are the second major causes affecting crop productivity. Application/Improvements: Crop insurance scheme can be introduced by the government of Tamil Nadu in order to protect the farmers in critical situation, like crop loss due to natural disorders. The government provides subsidies to the small farmers for adopting the new technology (i.e.) drip irrigation, soil testing etc.
Dynamics Of Shree Chhatrapati Shahu Co-Op. Sugar Factory And Its Impact On Sugar Production: A Case Study At Kolhapur District Of Maharashtra
Volume: 4 | Issue no: 8-2016 | Pagination: 1-10
Background/Objectives: Cooperative sugar industry is the second largest industry next to Textile in India. The present study mainly focused on the performance of Shree Chhatrapati Shahu Coopeartive Sugar Factory in sugar production and turnover in the Kolhapur area of Maharashtra. Methods/Statistical analysis: The primary data for the study was collected with the help of interview method adopted for concerned people including farmers, managers, members related to the organization. Secondary data collected from different published and unpublished sources of the organization. Findings: The production of sugar and members' registration exhibits an increasing trend over the years for the Factory. The reason behind the increase registration of farmer members to the factory was the huge price difference between the statutory minimum price announced by the Government and the price paid to the farmers by the Factory. Application/Improvements: Essential steps for the improvement of sugar production and turnover of the factory includes introduction of new variety of sugarcane, adoption of crop rotation practices, farmers' encouragement and various strategies for penetration in the markets.
Contact and support
Terms and conditions
Frequently asked questions
Copyright © 2015
All rights reserved. SciArchives.