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Arts and Humanities >
Arts and Humanities (General)
Publisher:R. K. Singh
Editor in chief:Dr. Arun Kumar Singh
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Development Of A Decision Support System Of Farm Implements And Machinery For Selected Crops Of Kerala
Author:A. Parvathy, D. Nanjappa And M.T. Lakshminarayan
Volume: 12 | Issue no: 2-2017 | Pagination: 319-322
The study was conducted during 2013-14 to develop a decision support system (DSS) in farm mechanization in selected crops for extension personnel and farmers of Kerala state. Farm implements and machinery having more than 25 per cent efficiency were selected to include in the decision support system. Ninety one implements or machinery used in rice plantation crops and fruit and vegetable crops were included in the system. The development of decision support system ?farm mechanization? and the Malayalam version of the same, ?Karshika yanthravalkaranam? was done through seven stages: a) Development of basic guidelines for presentation, b) Preparation of general outline for the content, c) Naming of the decision support system and its components, d) Preparation of information output sheets, e) Preparation of graphical elements, f) Development of page layouts and g) Development of the software component.
Impact Of National Food Security Mission With Special Reference To Adoption Level To Field Demonstration Interventions In Gram Crop In Southern Rajasthan
Author:Ram Lal Khatik, F.L. Sharma, H.K. Jain, Santosh Devi Samota And R.K. Damor
Volume: 12 | Issue no: 2-2017 | Pagination: 315-318
The present study was conducted in Banswara and Udaipur districts of Southern Rajasthan. Total 120 gram beneficiary and non-beneficiary farmers were selected on the basis of random sampling method from the identified districts. The findings reveal that the extent of adoption of RSG- 888 variety of gram among beneficiary farmers was recorded 86.25 per cent, while in case of nonbeneficiary farmers it was 61.25 per cent. In case of extent of adoption of the complete package of practices of RSG-888 variety of gram, it was found that beneficiary and non-beneficiary farmers had 83.75 and 62.50 per cent adoption, respectively.
Economic And Physical Constraints Faced By The Research Scholars While Using Internet Of Agriculture Science In Mpuat, Udaipur (Rajasthan)
Author:L.R. Choudhary And B.S. Bhimawat
Volume: 12 | Issue no: 2-2017 | Pagination: 311-314
Internet has become a way of life for majority of higher education students all around the world. For most of universities and college students, the internet is a functional tool, one that has greatly changed the way they interact with each other and with information as they go about their studies. Considering the importance of the internet utilization the present investigation. The present study was purposively being conducted in Rajasthan College of Agriculture. Udaipur due to the reason that this College is the oldest Agricultural College in Rajasthan state and enjoys more and adequate facilities of internet surfing for agricultural students, especially for research scholars at central library as well as in their respective departments and Hostels as compared to other Agricultural Colleges in Rajasthan. Considering the importance of the internet utilization the present investigation ?Attitude and Utilization Pattern of Internet among the Research Scholars of Agriculture Science in MPUAT, Udaipur Rajasthan?.
Effect Of Degree Of Attributes On Rate Of Adoption Of Farm Technology In Desert Tract Of Rajasthan
Author:P.S. Bagenia, S.R. Kumawat And Deepak Chaturvedi
Volume: 12 | Issue no: 2-2017 | Pagination: 303-310
This study was conducted in the desert tract of Rajasthan of during the year 2012-13. To know the causes and motives behind the adoption or non-adoption of the technology base among our diverse farming community. The result revealed that accessibility and cost effectiveness and among the potential causes of non-adoption of recommended production technologies and that very encouraging level of the factors viz., attitude towards innovative farm institute commercialization index and surplus income leads to a high rates of adoption. Out of 160 farmers 42.62 per cent were found to have high rate of technology adoption in various crops whereas, 34.08 and 23.30 per cent farmers had adopted medium and low level of technology. Result highlighted that technology adoption level was highest in fertilizer technology upto 59.17 per cent and only farmers used it upto low level in fertilizer and number of irrigation, respectively. It was also found that maximum farmers were having very encouraging (favorable) levels of attitude towards, Innovative farm, surplus income, commercialization, index farm size, economic information and extension linkage. Had obtained high level of technology. The results further indicated that ?lack of knowledge about chemical weed control?, ?weed control through weedicides is technically complex method ?, ?lack of knowledge about chemical and quantity in plant protection measures and for seed treatment?, labour charges costly were the main constraints as perceived by the respondents in adoption of farm technology.
Farm Profits Derived By The Beneficiaries On Account Of Adoption Of Urd Interventions Undernfsm
Author:Ram Lal Khatik, F.L. Sharma, H.K. Jain, Santosh Devi Samota And R.K. Damor
Volume: 12 | Issue no: 2-2017 | Pagination: 299-302
The present study was conducted in Banswara and Udaipur districts of Southern Rajasthan. Total 120 urd beneficiary and non-beneficiary farmers were selected on the basis of random sampling method from the identified districts. The study reveals that out of 120 respondents, 51 (42.50 %) respondents in high farm profit group i.e. above Rs.21500/year. Whereas, 47 urd growers (39.17 %) could be placed under medium level of farm profit group viz., ranging from Rs.18000 to 21500/year and 22 respondents (18.33 %) were found in the low farm profit group upto Rs. 18000/ year.
Independent Household And Farm Factors In Adoption Of Different Agroforestry Types: Experience From Haridwar District, North India
Author:Himshikha And Charan Singh
Volume: 12 | Issue no: 2-2017 | Pagination: 292-298
This study accesses the individual, house hold and farm factors that are not associated with adoption of four major kinds of agroforestry practices in Haridwar district, India. Random sampling technique was used for the purpose. All three tehsils were selected and 12 villages were randomly selected from each of the tehsils. 12 farmers? households were randomly selected from each of the village. Primary data were collected through semi structured questionnaire with 426 farmers out of which 365 farmers were agroforestry adaptors. Data from agroforestry adopters only is analyzed in this study. The results of the study shows that there were a number of determinants which although being a part of household conditions, did not influence an agroforestry adopter?s decision on what types of agroforestry he should practice his field. Chi2 test (p=0.05) shoes that there is no significant association between different household conditions determinants and a farmers choice on types of agroforestry practices in all three tehsils of the studied district. The adopted agroforestry practices in the study area include agri-silvi and pastoral based practices, horticulture tree species based like orchard plantation or home gardens; multipurpose tree species woodlots and live fences in form of planting trees on farm boundaries.
Impact Of Intensive Watershed Development Project
Author:V.S.Tekale, Mosami Ingale And Vidya V. Tayde
Volume: 12 | Issue no: 2-2017 | Pagination: 288-291
The study of impact of Vidarbha intensive watershed development project on its beneficiary farmers was conducted in Yavatmal district of Vidarbha region of Maharashtra state. The sample consisted of 100 beneficiary farmers from 3 different villages of Arni, Digras and Darwha talukas of Yavatmal district were randomly selected. Data were collected on personal, socio-economic, communicational and psychological characteristics related to agriculture with the help of pre structured and pretested interview schedule. The result showed that, in case of characteristics of respondents farmers, majority of respondents (52.00%) belonged to middle age group, nearly half of the respondents (42.00%) were educated upto secondary school, family size of respondents was in medium (46.00%). Majority of the respondents (51.00%) had medium land holding and moderately deep soil type (52.00%). High proportion of respondents (42.00%) had high annual income. Over half of respondents (57.00%) belonged to medium social participation. Majority of the respondents (74.00%) had medium mass media exposure and medium innovativeness (55.00%). The majority of the respondents (63.00%) had high source of irrigation and major source of irrigation of 76 per cent respondents was canal irrigation. The impact of VIWDP on beneficiaries farmers showed that in case of change in cropping pattern over half of the respondents (57.00%) had medium change in cropping pattern and 31.00 per cent had high change. Majority of respondents (57.00%) had medium change in their cropping intensity and 27.00 per cent high change. Over half of the respondents (66.00%) had medium change in crop production. Nearly three fourth of the respondents (73.00%) had medium change in crop productivity and 19.00 per cent respondents observed high change in productivity. In case of income due to VIWDP 65 per cent respondents change income at medium level and 20 per cent respondents at high level. Majority of the respondents (59.00%) said that no change in their agriculture occupation. The overall impact of VIWDP on beneficiary farmers was 78.82 per cent. In case of relational analysis of characteristics of respondents with overall impact of VIWDP, it was observed that education, land holding, soil type, annual income, social participation, mass media exposure, innovativeness and source of irrigation was positively and highly significantly correlated with impact of VIWDP. Whereas, age and family size were non-significantly correlated with overall impact of VIWDP.
The Incidence Of Labour-Land And Labour-Credit Interlocking In Agriculturally Developed Region Of Rajasthan
Author:R.C. Asiwal, R.C. Sharma And Basant Kumar Sharma
Volume: 12 | Issue no: 2-2017 | Pagination: 281-287
The present study investigates the functioning of Agricultural labour market in Jaipur district of Rajasthan. The Chomu tehsil was purposively selected for study. A cluster of three villages namely, Jaitpura, Kanpura and Khushalpura was randomly selected from the selected tehsil. From above selected villages, a sample of sixty respondents was selected at random with the help of probability proportion. Primary data were collected from the selected agricultural labour households by personally interviewing the results of study revealed that more than 80 per cent of the households reported either borrowing or leasing in land from their employers in all selected villages. Further, labour-credit interlocking was much more pronounced as compared to labour-land interlocking. The number of days worked on lower wages per annum varied from as high as 81.00 in Khushalpura to 61.00 in Jaitpura. The implicit rate of interest varied between as high as 36.00 per cent in Khushalpura and 24.00 per cent in Jaitpura. The incidence of hereditary debt was reported only in one sample villages, which was Rs. 12500 in Khushalpura. The incidence of labour land interlocking was very low; it varied from 14 per cent to around 18 per cent sample households involved in such interlocking. The low incidence of labour land interlocking was primarily due to the fact that most of the agricultural labour households did not have the supporting inputs, like bullocks and other farm implements which are essentially required in farming.
Knowledge And Adoption Of Sri Method Paddy Growers
Author:D. Channamallikarjuna And Syed Sadaqath
Volume: 12 | Issue no: 2-2017 | Pagination: 277-280
The present study was undertaken in Dharwad and Kalaghatgi talukas of Dharwad district of Karnataka state having large area under cultivation of paddy, from selected talukas the list of villages was prepared and five villages from each taluka were selected on the basis of highest area under paddy crop. From selected villages, the list of farmers was prepared village wise and 15 farmers from each villages were selected by random sampling technique. Total 150 respondents were selected for the study. The data were collected by personal interview. Based on the finding of the study majority of the respondents were having medium level of knowledge, followed by high level and low level of knowledge. While in case of adoption, that majority of the respondents had medium level of adoption, followed by high and low level of adoption. Among various personal, socio?economic profile characteristics of the respondents, education, land holding, area under SRI method, family income, social participation, mass participation, had highly significant relationship with at 5 per cent level of adoption whereas experience in SRI method, innovative proneness, risk orientation, extension contact, participation in training, cosmopoliteness, farmers field school, had highly and positively significant relationship with at 1 per cent level of adoption whereas only age had non-significant relationship with the knowledge and adoption of SRI method paddy growers.
Problems Faced By The Farmers In Adoption Of Recommended Package Of Practices Of Black Gram: A Study In Nagaon District Of Assam
Author:Arup Jyoti Goswami, Chandan Kr. Deka And Pabitra Kr. Das
Volume: 12 | Issue no: 2-2017 | Pagination: 274-276
The study was carried out to see the problems faced by the farmers in extent of adoption of recommended package of practices of black gram. The present study was conducted in Nagaon district of Assam. The study revealed that the most important problems faced by majority of the pulse growers which ranked 1st, 2nd and 3rdwere non-availability of quality seeds, lack of irrigation facility and lack of knowledge on scientific cultivation of pulses. The other important problems which also need attention were high incidence of pest and diseases, post-harvest storage problem, price fluctuation in the market throughout the year, high cost of fertilizers and plant protection chemicals and flood damage the Kharif crops, lack of proper marketing facility, high rate of interest on loan charge by the professional money lender, high cost of certified seed/quality seeds, high incidence of intervention of middle men, complicated procedure for obtaining loan from the credit institution, heavy rainfall and lack of proper extension service.
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