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Arts and Humanities (General)
Publisher:R. K. Singh
Editor in chief:Dr. Arun Kumar Singh
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Agricultural Market Intelligence ? A Case Study Of Maize Crop Price Forecasting
Author:R. Vijaya Kumari, Gramakrishna,Venkatesh Panasa And S. Kaviraju
Volume: 12 | Issue no: Special Issue 7-2017 | Pagination: 2110-2114
The majority of the rural producers are unable to understand and interpret the market and price behavior to their advantages. Hence, market information and intelligence are crucial to enable farmers and traders to make informed decisions about what to grow, when to sell, and where to sell.The price forecasts are made by analyzing the prices of Agricultural Commodities concerned over 15 years using advanced statistical tools like ARIMA, ARCH, GARCH models, comparing the same with prices of futures markets and national and international reports of trade surveys besides conducting state level trade surveys. Under the project price forecasts were made for maize crop twice during Kharif and Rabi seasons for 3 years / 6 seasons fromKharif 2014 to Rabi 2016-17. Thus, a total 12 price forecasts with more than 90 per cent precision were developed and disseminated through various means like university website, university magazine, Vyavasayam, SMS to contact farmers, pamphlets, farmers trainings and meetings, etc.
Indigenous Technical Knowledge (Itk) Regarding Agriculture And Household Practiced By The Farmers In Reddypalem Village Of Kuthur Mandal Of Telangana
Author:Manju Yadav, K.V. Patil, S. Kavitha And M. Sreenivasulu
Volume: 12 | Issue no: Special Issue 7-2017 | Pagination: 2107-2109
Indigenous Traditional Knowledge (ITK) is local knowledge of community that is being used from generation to generation by the members of that community for agriculture, food production, food preservation and health etc. ITKs are plentiful in rural community and these are easy and its application iseconomic. ITK is acquired by the local people through practice, informal experiment and understanding of local climatic conditions.By this background, present study was conducted in Ranga Reddy district with the objective to documentationof Indigenous Technical Knowledge in Reddypalem village of Kothur mandal in Ranga Reddy. Data was collected from farmers of Reddypalem village with the help of well structured questionnaire and group discussion. We documented many ITKs in Reddypalem village for example application of neem leaves for storing pulse grains and poultry and goat manure for improving soil fertility.
Full Length Review Paper On Cropping Systems For Sustainable Vegetable Production
Author:G. Rishitha, K. Usha Kumari And A. Reshma
Volume: 12 | Issue no: Special Issue 7-2017 | Pagination: 2101-2106
India grows the largest number of vegetables in the world. Varied agro climatic conditions in India make it feasible to grow several vegetables round the year. As many as 61 annuals and 4 perennials are grown in India.Being short duration crops, vegetables are more susceptible to extremities in environment. And vegetable production is also not consistent due to weather extremities and diminishing natural resources. In countries like India it is a serious problem in view of large population depending on agriculture, excessive pressure on natural resources and poor cropping mechanisms. Malnutrition in children in India is also increasing alarmingly. Vegetables play an important role in achieving the nutritional security as they encounter the malnutrition problems in India and also serve as a source of income for the small and marginal farmers.The major objectives of reducing malnutrition and alleviating poverty indeveloping countries through improvedand consumption of safe vegetables that involves adaptation of current vegetable cropping systems like, multiple cropping, mixed farming, intercropping, and relay cropping systems. Integration of crop production, different farming systems with suitable soil and water conservation measures lead to sustainable production increase in income levels and towards better livelihoods. Major emphasis should be given on development of diverse technologies for optimization of farm resources, increased economic return and improved sustainability.
Information Delivery Innovations Of Acharya N.G. Ranga Agricultural University Of Andhra Pradesh
Author:G. Prasad Babu, P. Ganesh Kumar, Pradeep Kumar, B. Vijayabhinandana, P. Punnarao And M. John Sudheer
Volume: 12 | Issue no: Special Issue 7-2017 | Pagination: 2092-2100
The basic mandates of all the State Agricultural Universities (SAUs) in National Agricultural Research System (NARS) of India are teaching, research and extension. Among them extension is the one which meets the needs of the farming community on real time basis through various extension wings of the University like Krishi Vigyan Kendras (KVKs), Agricultural Technology Information Centre (ATIC), District Agricultural Advisory and Transfer of Technology Centre (DAATTCUnique extension system of Andhra Pradesh), Agricultural Information Communication Centre (AICC), electronic media wings, community radio, extension specialists etc. In this direction Acharya N.G.Ranga Agricultural University (ANGRAU) of Andhra Pradesh has taken lead role to find and implement innovative, need based and relevant information delivery methods to meet majority of the needy farmers in the state and to reach unreached. Broadly these methods have been categorised into three groups like print, electronic and other methods. Innovative methods like Pocket card, Technical poster, Information badge, Flag method, Farmer calendar, Technical information bag, Technical stickers, Vyvasayam magazine, Vyvasaya panchangam book etc. comes under Print methods. Methods like Mobile Apps, district specificAKPS-IIDS (Annapurna Krishi Prasara Seva ? Interactive Information Dissemination System ? 1800 425 3141), Farmer call centre (1800 425 0430), Agritech hub, Dial out, City cable phone in live, WhatsApp groups, Multi-touch smart kiosks, Kisan Parshkar WhatsApp groups etc.comes under electronic methods of approach. Whereas other methods like InnovativeFarmers Network (IFN), Master trainers development, Knowledge on wheels, Farm science club, Reach Every Panchayat and Exhibition stalls are under innovative information delivery methods adopted to reach the unreached.
Studies On Spacing And Time Of Planting On Vegetative, Floral And Rhizome Parameters Of Alstroemeria Cv. ?Alladin
Author:Imtiyaz Tahir Nazki, Raiz Ahmed Lone, Gazanfer Gani, Muneeb Ahmad Wani And Madinat Ul Nissa
Volume: 12 | Issue no: Special Issue 7-2017 | Pagination: 2088-2091
A field experiment on different regimes of spacing and date of planting in growth, flowering and rhizome production of Alstroemeria cv. ALLADIN was conducted at the Experimental field of the Division of Floriculture and Landscape Architecture, Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology of Kashmir, Shalimar, during 2008-2009. The 9 treatment combination consists of three regimes of spacing (4, 5 and 6 plants m-2 ) and three dates of planting (3rd week of April, Ist week of May and 3rd week of June). The result revealed that among different treatment combinations wider spacing resulted in significantly increased shoot emergence for the first three months. Thereafter, no significant effect of varied spacing on shoot number/plant was recorded. Earlier planting resulted in significantly more shoots per plant however, differences in shoot number per plant on account of varying planting dates evened out. The plants spaced at 4 m-2 yielded significantly more spikes than those spaced at 6 m-2. Highest total flower production per plant over one year period (57.578) was recorded with a spacing of 4 plants m-2 whereas highest total flower yield per unit area (270.267 m-2) was recorded with 6 plants m-2 spacing. 215.608 and 241.138 spikes m-2 were recorded with 5 and 4 plants m-2 spacing respectively. Spacing at 4 plants m-2 resulted in highest rhizome yield per plant (0.319 kg) as against 0. 292 kg with 6 plants m-2. Similarly rhizome number per plant was significantly higher in plants spaced at 4 m-2 (8.830 rhizomes per plant) as against 7.000 rhizomes per plant recorded with 6 plants m-2. However, 6 plants m-2 yielded highest rhizome weight (1.719 kg m-2) per unit area as compared to other spacing?s.
Studies On Disease Incidence And Efficacy Of Fungicides, Herbicides And Antagonists Micro Flora Against Stem Rot Of Rice (Sclerotium Oryzae) Along With Integrated Management
Author:K. Gopika And R. Jagadeeshwar
Volume: 12 | Issue no: Special Issue 7-2017 | Pagination: 2077-2087
Survey studies conducted in the rice growing districts of Telangana, revealed that incidence of stem rot disease varied from field to field (0 to 15%) in the surveyed districts of Khammam and Warangal. The disease incidence was varied from location to location. Highest disease incidence was recorded in late transplanted as compared to early transplanted crop. Maximum stem rot incidence (14.8%) was recorded in rice-rice followed by rice-groundnut (3.8%), rice-maize (2.8%) and sunhemprice- maize-vegetables (2.1%). Similarly, highest disease incidence was found in clay loam soils (14.0%), followed by clay soils (8.7%), loamy soils (7.8%), while lowest incidence of stem rot was noted in fields with sandy soils (2.7%) and sandy loam soils (2.6%). The fields received with 151-180 kg N ha-1 showed highest disease incidence (11.1%) followed by 120-150 kg N ha-1 (8.1%) and 100-120 kg N ha-1 (2.5%). Maximum disease incidence of stem rot was recorded in the fields which received pretilachlor (7.9%) as compared to the fields received butachlor (2.5%).studies conducted in the rice growing districts of Andhra Pradesh, revealed that incidence of stem. The mycoflora and bacteria were isolated from rhizosphere soil associated with diseased rice plants during the survey on Martin medium and soil extract agar medium, respectively. Mycoflora viz., Aspergillus flavus, A. niger, Cladosporium, Trichoderma viride isolate-1 and 2 while bacterial isolates viz., Pseudomonas fluorescens (BI-1), isolate?2 (BI-2), isolate-3 (BI-3), isolate-4 (BI-4), isolate-5 (BI-5) were found to be antagonistic to test pathogen S. oryzae. The detected mycoflora and bacterial isolates were further screened following dual culture technique and the results indicated that among mycoflora screened, T. viride (T1) was found to have most potential antagonistic effect with maximum inhibition (75.3 %) of test pathogen. Similarly among antagonistic bacterial isolates screened P. fluorescens (BI-1) was found to be highly effective in inhibiting the test pathogen by 77.2 per cent. These potential biocontrol agents can be exploited as an integrated approach in the management of stem rot of rice. The compatibility studies between T. viride (T1) and P. fluorescens (BI-1) following dual culture technique under in vitro conditions indicated that the per cent inhibition of T. viride (T1) by P. fluorescens was 5.0 per cent, while no inhibition was observed in the growth of P. fluorescens. Out of six fungicides tested, Hexaconazole @ 200 ppm and Propiconazole @m100 ppm completely inhibited S. oryzae in poisoned medium. Out of two herbicides tested, the inhibition of test pathogen was high (97.1%) in Butachlor (400 ppm) and least (28.0%) in Oxadiargyl (150 ppm). In compatibility studies, T. viride (T1) was incompatible with fungicides Propiconazole (100 ppm) and Hexaconazole (200 ppm). However, it was 60.6 per cent inhibited by Butachlor (400 ppm). Similarly, P. fluorescens was least (7.9%) compatible with Propiconazole and highly (3.6%) compatible with Butachlor (400 ppm). Integrated management against stem rot of rice was attempted with twelve treatments under pot culture. Of the twelve treatments combined soil application of butachlor (400 ppm) 8-10 days after inoculation by the pathogen followed by application of T. viride @ 10 g kgand P. fluorescens@10 ml kg-1 just at the appearance of the disease followed by spraying of propiconazole (100 ppm) were found superior over other treatments in reducing the disease and promoting the plant growth parameters like root length, shoot height, dry shoot and root weight of rice plants.
Impact Of Fertigation And Biofertgation On Soil Microbial Activity Under Coffee Plantation Environment
Author:M. Karuthamani, V. Lakshmanan And K. Sundharaiya
Volume: 12 | Issue no: Special Issue 7-2017 | Pagination: 2067-2076
In soil, billions of bacteria, fungi, algae, protozoa exist together with plant root systems searching for food and sources of energy, destroying and creating mineral and organic substances. Soil enzyme activity is considered as an index of biological fertility of the soil. Soil fertility depends not only on its chemical composition, but also on the qualitative and quantitative nature of micro-organisms inhabiting it. A field experiment on Impact of Fertigation and Biofertgation on soil microbial activity under Coffee Plantation Environment was conducted at Green Pearl Estate at Kottachedu, Yercaud, during 2007-2009. Totally eleven treatments including three levels of nitrogen, Phosphorous and potassium and liquid biofertlizers with combinations applied through fertigation. The experiment was laidout in a Randomized Block Design (RBD) with three replications. The results revealed that application of 75% RDF through fertigation along with liquid biofertilizers registered higher microbial activities in the soil viz., soil fungi population, soil bacteria population and soil actinomycetes population at all the stages of crop growth viz., vegetative stage, flowering stage, fruiting stage and at harvest stage during 2008 and 2009. Similarly, drip fertigation and biofertigation had significant influence on soil enzyme activities. application of 75% RDF through fertigation along with liquid biofertilizers registered significantly higher soil enzyme activities viz., dehydrogenase activity, acid phosphatase activity and urease activity at all the stages of crop growth viz., vegetative stage, flowering stage, fruiting stage and at harvest stage during 2008 and 2009.
Impacts Of Different Sources Of Organic Manures On Soil Physico-Chemical Properties, Nutrient Balance And Yield Of Rice-Greengram Cropping Sequence Under Organic Farming
Author:Sankaramoorthy Alagappan, R. Venkitaswamy And G. Mariappan
Volume: 12 | Issue no: Special Issue 7-2017 | Pagination: 2044-2066
Field experiments were carried out at Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore, India during Samba (August-December) and Summer (February- May) seasons of 2012-2013 and 2013- 2014. To study the soil physico-chemical properties, nutrient balance and yield in lowland rice-greengram cropping sequence under organic farming. The test variety of rice CO(R)48 and the greengram variety (Co 6) were used in the two year cropping sequence under site-specific organic farming condition in comparison with RDF and INM. The field experiment consisted of fourteen treatments which were laid out in Randomized Block Design, replicated thrice and square planting (25 x 25 cm) was adopted, the same layout was maintained for residual rice fallow summer greengram in both the years of study. The soil physical properties like bulk density, particle density, per cent pore space and water holding capacity. Similarly, the soil chemical properties like soil pH, electrical conductivity (EC) and soil organic carbon (OC) content was also recorded after harvest of rice and after the harvest of greengram in the entire cropping sequence. The grain and straw yield of rice and greengram were recorded. Organic carbon content of soil was significantly increased with 100 % RDN through green manure and it was followed by all the other organic treatments. The INM practice and recommended NPK fertilizers were noticed with lesser organic carbon content and the absolute control recorded with the lowest soil organic carbon content in both the years of study. The soil nutrient contents like soil available NPK, uptake of NPK by the crop and the nutrient balance (NPK balance) in the rice-greengam cropping sequence were also recorded. The less bulk density and more per cent pore space and water holding capacity values were recorded in all the organic treatments and the INM imposed treatment recorded at par values of the 100% RDN through green manure treatment and the higher bulk density and lesser per cent pore space and water holding capacity was recorded with RDF treatment. The soil available NPK and uptake of NPK at harvest of rice, was higher recorded with INM practice followed by RDF treatment, whereas among the organic treatments, 100% RDN through green manure followed, by 25% RDN through each organic manures combination recorded more soil available and uptake of major nutrients in both the years of experimentation. Similar trend was noticed in grain and straw yield of rice and greengram during both the years of study. The N and P balance at the end of the cropping system was positive in all the treatments except the absolute control, whereas the negative K balance was noticed in the entire cropping system.
Management Practices Adopted For Cattle In Sugarcane Pockets Of Nanded District
Author:S.S. Ghuge, D.V. Bainwad And D.B. Shinde
Volume: 12 | Issue no: Special Issue 7-2017 | Pagination: 2036-2043
The present investigation entitled Management Practices adopted for Cattle in Sugarcane Pockets of Nanded district was undertaken to study the different package of practices followed for indigenous and crossbred cattle. Twenty villages of sugarcane pockets of Nanded district were selected with the objectives to determine existing management practices. The data was collected from the 200 respondents in four sugarcane pockets.The study revealed that the indigenous cattle is mostly used for the draft purpose. The populations of female are more than that of male one. Open and kaccha housing pattern was followed in almost all cases. Additional ration for pregnant animals were given by very few number of farmers. Cent per cent farmers adopted health and sanitation measures as cleaning of milking utensils, cleaning of hands and washing of udder before milking. Vaccination schedule was followed nearly about 93.00 per cent. There was very few farmers who adopted urea treatment and silage preparation. Practices of dehorning of calf does not adopted by any farmer.
Comparsion Of Micro Sprinkler Irrigation And Surface Irrigation Methods On Growth And Yield For Groundnut Under Raichur Region
Author:Mohammed Waseem, Ibrahim Kaleel, Mallikarjuna And Rahul Patil
Volume: 12 | Issue no: Special Issue 7-2017 | Pagination: 2031-2035
Field experiment was carried out during December 2011 to April 2012 under Raichur climatic conditions. The performance of micro sprinkler irrigation for groundnut crop at 60%, 80%, 100% and 120% ETCwas compared with surface irrigation. The results indicated that there was saving of 66.41% and 57.29 % in 60 per cent ET and 80 per cent ET in micro sprinkler irrigation over surface irrigation. Maximum water use efficiency registered in micro sprinkler irrigation at 60 per cent ET (1.42 kg m-3) and 80 per cent ET (1.26 kg m-3) with the application efficiency of 82.80 % and 82.05 % in 60 per cent and 80 per cent ET. Uniformity in single micro sprinkler was 89.91 % and 87.69 % in 100 per cent over lapping at 1.4 kg cm-2pressure, respectively.
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