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Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine >
Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine (General)
Veterinary Science Research Journal
Publisher:Rakesh Kumar Singh
Editor in chief:Dr. K. Radhakrishnaiah
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Treatment Of Foot And Mouth Disease Ailing Cattle ? A Comparitive Field Study
Author:U. Umadevi1 And T. Umakanthan
Volume: 7 | Issue no: 2-2016 | Pagination: 129-131
In a season of 3 months, sixty cattle of different age, breed and sex clinically presented for foot and mouth disease were comparatively studied and treated giving allopathic and ethno-medicine. Ten of the sixty were given antibiotics and symptomatic allopathic treatment for 3 days. Remaining fifty were orally administered with the finely ground mixture of Mentha arvensis, Curcuma longa, Areca catechu and Piper betel daily once for 3 days. Recovery rate was found to be 50 per cent and 90 per cent in the former and latter group
The Role Of Veterinarians In Quality Meat Production
Volume: 7 | Issue no: 2-2016 | Pagination: 122-128
Veterinarians in the world are closely involved with foods of animal origin. Veterinarians working in both government and in the private sector as well as veterinarians working in research facilitate the safe production of food. Veterinarians have key roles in all aspects of the control of food-borne hazards of animal origin. The traditional focus of veterinary involvement in food safety has been in meat hygiene at the level of the slaughterhouse. The education and training of veterinarians, which includes both animal health (including zoonoses) and food hygiene components, makes them uniquely equipped to play a central role in ensuring food safety, especially the safety of foods of animal origin. Veterinarians play a key role in ensuring that animals are kept under hygienic conditions and in the early detection, surveillance and treatment of animal diseases, including conditions of public health significance. Veterinarians also provide livestock producers with information, advice and training on how to avoid, eliminate or control food safety hazards (e.g., drug and pesticide residues, mycotoxins and environmental contaminants) in primary production, including through animal feed. Veterinarians have the knowledge and expertise to audit the standards of animal health, animal welfare and public health from ?stable to table?.
Dairy Animal Shelter In Tropics With Special Reference To Space Requirement And Air Quality
Author:Kuladip Prakash Shinde, Ramesh Pandey, Shabir Ahmad Lone And Shailesh Kumar Gupta
Volume: 7 | Issue no: 2-2016 | Pagination: 113-121
Combined Effect And Amelioration Of Aflatoxin And Citrinin In Broilers: A Histopathological Study
Author:C.H. Priyadarshini And Y. Anjaneyulu1
Volume: 7 | Issue no: 2-2016 | Pagination: 107-112
Aflatoxin was produced from Aspergillus parasiticus and citrinin was produced from Penicillium citrinum and both were quantified using thin layer chromatography. The toxins, aflatoxin at the rate of 1ppm and citrinin at the rate of 25 ppm, were mixed in broiler feed. Activated charcoal (0.4%) and/or lyophilized yeast culture (0.2%) were added as adsorbents. Four diets for broilers were prepared ? Diet 1- basal diet (control), Diet 2- basal diet added with aflatoxin (1ppm) and citrinin (25ppm), Diet 3- basal diet added with aflatoxin (1ppm), citrinin (25 ppm) and activated charcoal (0.4%) and Diet 4- basal diet added with aflatoxin (1ppm), citrinin (25ppm), activated charcoal (0.4%) and lyophilized yeast culture (0.2%). These four diets were fed for 6 weeks to four group of broiler chicks with four replications of eight birds in each group using Completely Randomized Design. The histopathological studies revealed central vein congestion, focal lymphoid aggregates, and bile duct hyperplasia in the liver, degenerative changes, intertubular congestion and hemorrhages in kidney, cystic spaces and lymphoid depletion in bursa of Fabricius, depleted germinal centres and interfollicular arteries in spleen of birds fed on diet 2. On diet 3, the lesions were moderate degree and on diet 4 the lesions were very mild.
Minerals And Electrolytes Profile In Different Physiological Stages Of Gir Cattle And Jaffarabadi Buffaloes
Author:M.H. Dahima1, J.S. Arya2, Jacob Ninan3 And A.B. Odedara
Volume: 7 | Issue no: 2-2016 | Pagination: 99-106
The study was carried out in Gir cattle and Jaffarabadi buffaloes from different age groups that are from birth to mature animal of both sexes of various physiological stages were used for the study which were reared and maintained at Cattle Breeding Farm, Junagadh Agricultural University, Junagadh, Gujarat and various parameters was estimated in Department of Physiology and Biochemistry.A total of 8 ml of blood was collected aseptically through the jugular vein from the animals and were centrifuged to separate clear plasma. Plasma aliquots were stored in different vials at -20 ºC for the estimation of various mineral and electrolyte parameters. The levels observed and the detailed comparison of trace minerals (Copper, Iron, Zinc, Manganese and Chromium) and electrolyte parameters (Bicarbonate, Chloride and Osmolality) of both the sexes between Gir cattle and Jaffarabadi buffaloes recorded in this study may serve as baseline data and reference point for further studies in these species and will help in planning for the improvement of reproductive and productive performance of these animals.
Effect Of Supplementation Of Rumen Bypass Fat With Chromium On Milk Yield And Milk Fat Per Cent In Dairy Cow
Author:R.B. Meshram1, S.P. Waghmare, N.P. Dakshinkar2 And K.S. Pajai1
Volume: 7 | Issue no: 2-2016 | Pagination: 95-98
The present study was undertaken with the objective to evaluate the effect of rumen bypass fat with chromium supplementation on milk yield and milk fat per cent in dairy cows. Total 12 normal healthy advanced pregnant cows (1 week before expected parturition) was selected and divided randomly into two equal groups. One group (Group I) was kept without supplementation of bypass fat and given only basal diet as a control group. The second group (Group II) was supplemented with rumen bypass fat @ 100 g per animal per day along with basal diet for one week prepartum and upto the period of 4 weeks after parturition. The milk yield and milk fat per cent recorded before supplementation (?0? day) and on 7th, 14th, 21st and 30th day after supplementation of bypass fat, respectively. The milk yield was increased by 12.73 per cent in group supplemented with bypass fat (Group II) as compared to control group (7.02%) on 30th day post supplementation. The milk fat per cent was higher (4.18%) in group supplemented with bypass fat (Group II) as compared to control group (3.75%) on 30th day of post supplementation. The study concluded that, the supplementation of rumen bypass fat @ 100 g per cow per day for one week before expected parturition and upto 4 weeks after parturition improved milk yield and milk fat per cent and proved to be beneficial in fulfilling the energy demand for milk production.
Seroeprevalence Of Infectious Bronchitis In Ranchi Jharkhand
Author:Anuradha Kumari And Arun Prasad1
Volume: 7 | Issue no: 2-2016 | Pagination: 92-94
ELISA and AGID based seroprevalence study of 92 suspected poultry samples in and around Ranchi district of central and western plateau agro-climatic zone in and around Ranchi district, Jharkhand during 2014-15 were 93.48 per cent and 53.26 per cent, respectively. The sensitivity and specificity of AGID was 52.33 per cent and 33.33 per cent, respectively taking ELISA as gold standard test. ELISA and AGID were found significant on standard method of statistical analysis. As per available literature seroprevalence of IB has not been reported by any worker from Ranchi, Jharkhand, however individual cases had been reported. It seems to be the first report from this area which clearly indicates extremely high IB seroprevalence without showing gross pathological lesion.
Effect Of Different Genetic Groups (H.F × Local, Jersey × Local And Local × Local) On The Lactation Length In Cattle
Author:Rahul Shah1, Ram Pal Singh1 And Kuladip Prakash Shinde
Volume: 7 | Issue no: 2-2016 | Pagination: 87-91
A study was conduct to estimate the effect of different genetic groups (H.F × Local, Jersey × Local and Local × Local) on the lactation length in cattle. The productive data pertaining to dairy cows in and around the Allahabad District Karchana Block were collected by providing questionnaires, frequent field visits and personal contact with the farmers over a period of one year (2011-2012). The data thus obtained were classified according to genetic group as Holstein Friesian × Local (G1), Jersey × Local (G2) and Local× Local (G3) cows. The effect of different genetic groupsFriesian×Local(G1), Jersey×Local(G2) and Local× Local (G3) cows on Lactation length was recorded. The mean lactation length was 306.6153 days in G1, 286.9316 days in G2 and 208.409 days in G3.The differences in mean value of lactation length of G1, G2 and G3 inheritance were significant. From the perusal of data on lactation length according to their Genetic groups (G1) H.F x Local, (G2) Jersey x Local, Local x Local (G3) indicated the lactation length in H.F x Local crossbred cattle ranged from 281 to345 days, Jersey x Local crossbred cattle ranged from 206.6 to323 days and Local x Local crossbred cattle ranged from 105.37 to 326.9 days. However the longest mean lactation length (306.6153 days) was observed in cows of G1 followed by 286.9316 days in cows of G2, 208.409 days in cows of G3. Since differences in their lactation length were found significant, it indicated a significant effect of genetic group on lactation length of cows. The differences in lactation length between G1 and G2 as well as G2 and G3 were found at par showing a non ? significant influence among them solves while G1 and G3 had a clear significant influence of genetic groups on lactation length of cows, which indicates more milk production from genetic group G1.
Gross Morphometrical Postnatal Developmental Studies On Spleen Of Chotanagpuri Sheep (Capra Ovis)
Author:S. Mehta, S.K. Deshmukh1, A.P. Minj1, K. Kumar1, L. Kumari1 And J.K. Shahi1
Volume: 7 | Issue no: 2-2016 | Pagination: 83-86
This study involved morphologic and morphometric postnatal development on thirty spleens of the Chotanagpuri sheep. The spleen was collected and biometrical parameters were recorded. The spleen was found high in the abdominal cavity adjacent to the vertebral column in the region of 10?13th ribs in all age group. The colour of spleen varied with advancement of age which was creamish in early age and gradually became reddish brown. The shape of the spleen was roughly triangular in all age groups. The mean weight, maximum length, maximum width, length of dorsal, anterior and posterior borders and thickness of dorsal border at anterior, middle and posterior ends, thickness of anterior border at dorsal and middle ends, thickness of posterior border at dorsal end of spleen and distance of hilus from dorsoanterior and ventro-anterior angle significantly increased among different groups of sheep with advancement of age. However, there was no significant difference in thickness of anterior border at ventral end, thickness of posterior border at middle and ventral ends.
Impact Of Specialized Trainings Of Dairy Farming On The Knowledge Level Of Farmers In Punjab
Author:Aparna And J.S. Hundal1
Volume: 7 | Issue no: 2-2016 | Pagination: 79-82
To evaluate the effectiveness of specialized trainings on dairy farming, 120 farmers were interviewed with a pre-tested questionnaire before the start and after completion of training. The study revealed that age-wise respondents were uniformly distributed among all age groups and out of which 17.5 per cent respondents were graduates. Only 9.2 per cent of the farmers belonged to high level knowledge category before training whereas after training 60.0 per cent (P<0.01) of farmers possessed high level knowledge. The awareness perceived by farmers about breeding, feeding and management was significantly (P<0.05) higher after training. About 5.2 ± 0.18 and 13.0 ± 0.16 responses of farmers were found correct pre training and post training, respectively. Therefore, from present study it may be concluded that specialized training is an effective tool to improve the knowledge and understanding of farmers about dairy farming.
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