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Agricultural and Biological Sciences >
Food Science Research Journal
Publisher:Rakesh Kumar Singh
Editor in chief:Dr. Sunita Mishra
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Correlation Between The Sources Of Carbohydrate Assimilation And Spoilage Of Food Items By Pathogenic And Non-Pathogenic Yeast
Author:Mukta Singh, Karuna Singh, Divya And Aradhanayadav
Volume: 8 | Issue no: 2-2017 | Pagination: 432-433
Biologically active compounds are extra nutritional constituents that typically occur in small quantities in foods, vary widely in chemical structure and beneficially affect health and well-being. Nutritional yeast is the powerhouse of nutrients and it?s a great addition to healthy life style especially for the vegetarians. Nutritional yeast is deactivated yeast, often a strain of Saccharomyces cerevisiae, which is sold commercially as a food product. Some of the sub species of Crytptococcus neoformans are pathogenic for the human immune system. Yeasts for obtaining energy undergo assimilation reaction i.e. break down of carbohydrate into its monomeric unit by various enzymatic activities produced by various yeasts.In the present study carbohydrate assimilation was studied by using different food products having pathogenic and non-pathogenic yeasts. All the17 isolates of pathogenic yeast were used and two sub species of S. cerevisiae and Rhodotorulla which were isolated from yeast powder and curd, respectively. It was seen by the use of spectrophotometer i.e. if the isolate has greater efficiency to assimilate food products then that food product having specific carbohydrate will be easily spoiled by the yeast. It was revealed by results that all the pathogenic yeast has high absorbance efficiency for fructose. It has been statistically proved?t? calculated value (6.68) is greater than value of tabulated value (2.05) at 5% level of significant. The Rhodotourla obtained from curd sample, have high absorbance value (0.83) at is more favourable in food fermentation when food ingredients contains honey as energy. In milk proper absorbance value not obtained, indicating that Rhodotourla can be utilized in fermentation but not too much extent.
Processing Of Garlic: Present Status And Prospects
Author:S.V. Bondre, A.M. Sonkamble And S.R. Patil
Volume: 8 | Issue no: 2-2017 | Pagination: 425-431
India ranks at second position with share of 5.17 per cent of global area under garlic cultivation. Among dehydrated and processed garlic products viz., dehydrated garlic flakes, garlic slices or rings, garlic grits, garlic tablets, garlic pickles, garlic powders, digestive churns, paste, garlic salts are most demanded processed product at national and international level due to nutritional compositions, health benefits and medicinal properties of garlic. Nutritional quality and flavouring component wise Indian garlic is much better and as a result there is better demand in ethnic markets. The demand of dehydrated and processed food has increased to manifold in last few decades. India has emerged as prominent exporter of dried and preserved vegetables during last few years. In year 2015-16, totally 66189.62 MT dried and preserved vegetables are exported with earnings of foreign currency of Rs. 91420.85 Lac. Value addition through processing of the bulbs in the form of dehydrated flakes, dehydrated powder, paste, etc. will be instrumental in substantially expanding the export basket of garlic and its derivative products. Lot of market oriented research and efforts are needed in this prospect. There must be policy implementation for startup of garlic processing units in areas identified as production hub of quality garlic. Public-Private partnership in production and R&D sectors will offer better opportunities to focus and elevate garlic processing industry in India.
An Appraisal On The Operating Nutritional Rehabilitation Centres (Nrcs) In Telangana State
Author:S. Vahini,K. Umadevi Andavinash
Volume: 8 | Issue no: 2-2017 | Pagination: 421-424
The present study evaluated the performance of Nutrition Rehabilitation Centers (NRCs) in Telangana State. The information was collected from 12 NRCs in Telangana State decisively by using a structured questionnaire. The study has proposed for a proper and rigorous follow up mechanism to be developed by the Health and ICDS departments. The mechanism of counseling should be strengthened at the NRCs so that mothers will take care of their children and approach for a follow up. A checklist should be prepared for counseling at NRCs. In the absence of the counselor, nursing staff should counsel the mother or some reading material in Telugu should be placed in the counseling area to facilitate better. The cases must be followed up properly. It is suggested to strengthen convergence between health and ICDS departments while discharging the severe acute malnutrition (SAM) child and their follow up. All the follow ups should be recorded and analyzed thoroughly for a better action in future.
Processing Of Medicinal Plants For Entrepreneurship Development Among Rural Youth
Volume: 8 | Issue no: 2-2017 | Pagination: 416-420
India is gifted with 8000 medicinal and 2500 aromatic herbs, many of which can be mined for natural chemicals and processed for commercial products with export value. Herbs are beneficial for human health as it contains significant amount of micronutrients, vitamins, antioxidants, phytochemicals and fibre content that may help protect against degenerative diseases and micronutrient malnutrition. Still, herbs are considered as alternative medicine and primary source of health care for 80 per cent of the world. Popular fresh herbs include basil, chives, cilantro/coriander, dill, mint, parsley, rosemary, and lemongrass. Product prepared from herbs can be fresh, dried whole or ground, oleoresins and steam distilled oils. Growing demand for products derived from medicinal and aromatic herbs across the world have opened up entrepreneurial opportunities to process these herbs for value added products. Large and small scale value addition through processing can be done by unskilled rural youth and unemployed, educated urban youth. The variety in value addition allows the small-scale farmer to potentially have a diverse portfolio of products that derive from the same crop and so not only have more marketing flexibility, but also more chances of earning income from the diverse products. So, the present paper has been structured to highlight the opportunities in this industry for young, innovative entrepreneurs and farmers for commencing successful, eco-friendly and natural product small scale enterprises.
Therapeutic Role Ofginkgo Biloba Leaf Extract
Author:Gitanjali And Renu Mogra
Volume: 8 | Issue no: 2-2017 | Pagination: 409-415
In the past decade, interest by the general public in the use of herbal dietary supplements has risen exponentially. As throughout history, individuals are now turning to the use of ?natural? therapies for the prevention, treatment and cure of almost every ailment and aging malady. One of the most popular herbal supplements is Ginkgo biloba leaf extract, taken for its perceived ?memory enhancing? properties. Its purported biological effects include: scavenging free radical; lowering oxidative stress; reducing neural damages, reducing platelets aggregation; anti- inflammation; anti-tumor activities; and anti-aging. Clinically, it has been prescribed to treat central nervous system disorders such as Alzheimer?s disease and cognitive deficits. It exerts allergy and changes in bleeding time. There are no standards or guidelines regulating the constituent components of Ginkgo biloba leaf extract nor is exposure limits imposed. The use of Ginkgo leaf extract may be promising for treatment of certain conditions, although its long-term use still needs to be evaluated.
Drying Charactristics Of Garlic
Author:S.V. Bondre, A.M. Sonkamble And S.R. Patil
Volume: 8 | Issue no: 2-2017 | Pagination: 403-408
Garlic is most widely cultivated Allium next to common onion. In addition, regular consumption of garlic has been associated with several health benefits due to its high medicinal values and antioxidant properties. Processing and preservation of garlic by suitable means is a major thrust area in present scenario due to increased demand of processed products. Dehydrated garlic products have been identified as one of the major commodity preferred by the different organizations to meet the requirements of Indian and international troops. Drying is one of the oldest methods for the preservation of food products. The methods of dehydration restrict the growth and toxin produced by micro-organisms and also improves the quality of the product in the term of colour, texture and flavour. Recently, dryers like solar dryers, cabinet dryers, electric tray dryers,fluidized bed dryers and microwave dryers are gaining maximum attention due to their quality preservation of products in food processing industry. The drying characteristics studied by several researchers are reviewed here. There is utmost need to explore drying methods and their characteristics in order to evaluate the effect of different parameters on quality of garlic due to its nutraceutical importance.
A Review On Snapshot Of Indian Dairy Industry
Volume: 8 | Issue no: 2-2017 | Pagination: 398-402
The basic purpose of this literature review based article is to understand the present situation of dairy industry in India and different issues of the stakeholders of the business. This is a survey of research articles identified with dairy industry. The real issues uncovered were identified with absence of feed and focuses, shortage of veterinary and analytic administrations, absence of data and innovative mindfulness. These were regular issues confronted by dairy agriculturists in the greater part of the locales of India. Acquirement cost was observed to be the significant segment of aggregate expenses took after by preparing cost. These reviews assessed the monetary feasibility of concerned dairy units.
Assessment Of Nutrients Intake And Morbidity Pattern Of Government And Private Doctors
Author:Vinita Singh And Anoop Kumar
Volume: 8 | Issue no: 2-2017 | Pagination: 395-397
A study on the ?assessment of nutrients intake and morbidity pattern of government and private doctors was conducted in Kanpur City of Uttar Pradesh. A total number of 100 Doctors were selected as respondents from the hospitals of Kanpur Cityusing purposive random sampling technique. Survey was done by questionnaire-cum interview method. Findings reveal that the most of respondents were 40 and above age group .The maximum respondents were educated upto MBBS. Most of respondents belonged to Hindu religion. The nutritional status of government doctors was good due to consumption of energy, protein, fat, calcium, Iron, vitamin-A, carotene Thiamine, Riboflavin and Niacin as compared to nutrients intake of private doctors.
Commonly Used Storage And Primary Processing Techniques For The Selected Food Grains In Scarce Rainfall Zone Of Andhra Pradesh
Author:S. Vahini And K. Umadevi
Volume: 8 | Issue no: 2-2017 | Pagination: 391-394
Present study was aimed at examining different storage and processing techniques used by farmers in the scarce rainfall zone of Andhra Pradesh. A total of 30 farmers (Maize, Bengal Gram, groundnut and Jowar growing) were purposively selected for the present study by adopting the purposive sampling method. The results found that 100 % of farmers used gunny bags for storage of grains and 63 per cent of farmers have utilized the Cold storage facility to store their produce. The farmers stored the maximum quantity of grains for home consumption. The common primary processing techniques used by farmers were dry milling, wet milling and popping for selected grains. Finally, it can be said that nutritional quality of grains is influenced by pre-processing treatments and processes which retain all parts of whole grains as beneficial for health and consumption of highly refined products should be discouraged.
Incorporation Of Manila Tamarind (Pithecellobium Dulce) Pulverize As A Source Of Antioxidant In Muffin Cake
Author:Swati Shukla And Shashi Jain In
Volume: 8 | Issue no: 2-2017 | Pagination: 386-390
In recent times it human health has assumed an unprecedently important status. A new diet-health paradigm is evolving which places more emphasis on the positive aspects of diet. Foods have now assumed the status of ?functional? foods, which should be capable of providing additional physiological benefit, such as preventing or delaying onset of chronic diseases, as well as meeting basic nutritional requirements in form of phytochemicals or antioxidants. Epidemiological studies have consistently shown that phytochemicals in fruits and vegetables have attracted a great deal of attention mainly concentrated on their role in preventing diseases caused as a result of oxidative stress. Keeping this view the present investigation was carried out enhance the value of muffin cake by incorporating Manila Tamarind (Pithecellobium dulce) as a source of antioxidants. The pulverize was incorporated in 10, 20, 30, 40 and 50 per cent and the developed muffin cake were subjected to sensory analysis and best acceptable muffin cake were nutritionally analyzed.
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