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Economics, Econometrics and Finance >
Economics, Econometrics and Finance (General)
International Research Journal of Agricultural Economics & Statistics
Publisher:Rakesh Kumar Singh
Editor in chief:Dr. Arun Kumar Singh
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A Case Study On Economic Analysis Of Marketing And Price Spread Of Apple Fruit In Kashmir Valley Of J&K State
Author:Farheen Naqash, Naveed Hamid And Dinesh K. Kapila
Volume: 8 | Issue no: 2-2017 | Pagination: 440-447
The study was carried out in the Baramulla district of the Kashmir valley. Apple being main fruit in the district has predominant position in area, production and productivity. Both primary and secondary data was analyzed to interpret the results for this study. Primary data was collected from the 70 sample respondents from a cluster of 6 villages delineated from the Pattan zone along with market functionaries and other important players of value chain. The secondary data was collected from the relevant secondary sources. The studies revealed that majority of the farmers were marginal farmers with upto 2 hectares of land under apple orchards. Cost of apple cultivation works out to be Rs. 206730 per hectare with net returns to the tune of Rs. 496395 per hectare. The study of marketing of apple identified five marketing channels and the channel 1 viz., Producer-Whole seller/Commission agent-Retailer-Consumer, was the major route for apple trade as more than 30 per cent of the farmers produce was marketed through this channel. Marketing efficiency was found maximum (0.68%) in this channel for the obvious reason as it involves less number of intermediaries. The establishment of Terminal market of Sopore proved a major facilitator in the marketing of apple in the study area. The study of marketing of apple identified five marketing channels and the channel 1 viz., Producer- Wholeseller/Commission agent-Retailer-Consumer, was the major route for apple trade as more than 30 per cent of the farmers produce was marketed through this channel. Marketing efficiency was found maximum (0.68%) in this channel for the obvious reason as it involves less number of intermediaries. The establishment of Terminal market of Sopore proved a major facilitator in the marketing of apple in the study area.
On Optimum Stratification Using Mathematical Programming Approach
Author:Faizan Danish And S.E.H. Rizvi
Volume: 8 | Issue no: 2-2017 | Pagination: 435-439
Optimum stratification is a technique which results in minimum possible variance of the estimator for the population characteristic under study. The main objective of stratification is to give a better cross-section of the population so as to gain a higher degree of relative precision. The problem of determining optimum strata boundaries (OSB) was pioneered by Dalenius (1950). The problem of obtaining OSB was recently studied by Khan et al. (2009) who formulated the problem as a mathematical programming problem (MPP) by minimizing variance of the estimated population parameter subject to the condition that the sum of the widths of all the strata would be equal to the range of the given distribution under given allocation procedure. In the present investigation the problem of finding OSB has been taken into consideration as the problem of optimum strata width (OSW), using MPP by dynamic programming technique, when the study variable is uniformly distributed. Empirical study has also been taken where it is revealed that with the increase in the number of strata to a fixed number the precision of the method goes on increasing. Also the proposed method proves better than other stratification method (Singh,1967).
Variance Estimation Using Linear Combination Of Non-Conventional Measures, Quartile Average And Deciles Mean
Author:M.A. Bhat, S. Maqbool And S. A. Mir
Volume: 8 | Issue no: 2-2017 | Pagination: 431-434
Use of auxiliary information in survey sampling plays important role in getting more precision for estimating population parameters. Thus it has now become indispensable to use auxiliary information, thus in this paper we propose new modified ratio estimators by using the auxiliary information of non conventional location measures, non conventional measures of dispersion, quartile average, decile mean and their linear combinations for estimating population variance. The properties associated with proposed estimators are assessed by mean square error, bias and compared with existing estimators. By this comparison we conclude that our proposed estimators are more efficient than the existing estimators. To support the theoretical results, numerical study is provided.
Economics Of Aonla Production In District Pratapgarh (U.P.)
Author:J. Rai, Shesh Pratap Singh And Arun Kumar Singh
Volume: 8 | Issue no: 2-2017 | Pagination: 426-430
The study was carried out in Sadar block of district Pratapgarh in Uttar Pradesh with 30 Aonla growers ( 8 marginal, 6 small and 16 big respondents) selected randomly with six villages of the selected block. The over all plantation cost of one hectare aonla was worked out of Rs.47000 .The cost of of gestation period was calculated as Rs.78876.60 for six years of gestation period. On an average cost of aonla production per hectare came to Rs.27386.02. The highest cost intake of 6-12 years orchard was worked out as Rs.33272.08/ha, while lowest cost was observed in 24 years and above aged orchard as Rs.23836.00/ha. The input-output analysis shows that aonla crop fetched on an average 5.45 times more return on investment of Re 1. Problems of insect-pest and diseases, lack of plant protection measures and lack of skilled human resource at peak season was observed as main constraints in the study area.
Resource Productivity And Resource Use Efficiency In Soybean Production On Dryland Farm
Author:P. U. Kauthekar, B.R. Pawar And K.V. Deshmukh
Volume: 8 | Issue no: 2-2017 | Pagination: 422-425
Investigation was carried out during the year 2013-14. About 48 dryland farms were randomly selected from sixteen villages of two tehsils in Nanded district of Maharashtra. Data were related to soybean output and input like human labour, bullock labour, machine labour, seed, manure, fertilizer and plant protection as resources. Cobb- Douglas production function was fitted to the data. The result revealed that partial regression co-efficient of area under soybean was 0.498 followed by that manure (0.175) positive at 1 per cent level and positive at per cent level, respectively. Partial regression co-efficient of bullock labour, machine labour and potash were positive but non-significant. Marginal product of area under soybean was 6.924 quintals followed by that of manure (0.182 q), plant protection (0.144 q), human labour (0.057q) and MVP to price ratio with respect to nitrogen was 11.10 followed by manure (6.64), area under soybean (3.04) and phosphorus (2.27). Optimum use of area under soybean was found to be 2.56 hectares and optimum use of plant protection was 2.69 litres.
Economics Of Different Mulching Materials On Aonla (Emblica Officinalisgaertn.) Under Rainfed Conditions Of Jammu
Author:Mudasir Iqbal, Parshant Bakshi, Vinod Kumar Wali And Naveed Hamid
Volume: 8 | Issue no: 2-2017 | Pagination: 418-421
The present study was conducted during 2013-14 to study the economics of different mulching materials viz., black polythene, white polythene, paddy straw, saw dust, sarkanda, dry grass and control (unmulched) on aonla under rainfed conditions of Jammu. The present investigation was carried out at Rainfed Research Sub-Station for Sub-tropical fruits Raya, of Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology of Jammu during 2013-14. The mean annual rainfall is about 1000-1200 mm. Soil of the experimental field was sandy clay in texture, having pH: 6.50, organic carbon: 0.50 per cent, available N: 174.50 kg/ha, available P: 15.80 kg/ha and available K: 140.00 kg/ha. Twenty eight trees were selected for the study and laid out inRandomized Block Experimental Design with one tree per treatment replicated four times. Application of treatments was done during the spring season viz., 19th February, 2013.The study revealed that the total cost of cultivation was found to be higher (Rs. 2566.60) in black polythene mulch and white polythene mulches whereas it was minimum (Rs.2478.30) in control. Net returns were also recorded maximum (Rs. 2672.84/treatment) under black polythene mulch and minimum in control (Rs. 1559.30/treatment). However, benefit cost (B: C ratio) was also found to be maximum in black polythene mulch (1:2.04) and minimum in both white polythene mulch and control (1:1.69).
Comparative Economics Of Banana On Orchard Farm And Agrarian Farm In Goa State
Author:Rachana Ashok Kolambkar
Volume: 8 | Issue no: 2-2017 | Pagination: 414-417
Investigation was carried out during the year 2014-15. In all 48 banana growers were randomly selected from sixteen villages of two tehsils in South-Goa district of Goa State.Cross sectional data were collected from banana growers with the help of pretested schedule by personal interview method. Data were related to banana output and inputs like machine labour, manure, fertilizers, irrigation and family human labour as resources. Cost concepts technique was fitted to the data. The result revealed that, use of hired human labour was 83.57 mandays on orchard farm followed by that of 77.25 mandays on agrarian farm.Total expenditure in terms of cost-C was Rs. 92327.79 on orchard farm while that was Rs. 91660.75 on agrarian farm. Proportionate expenditure of rental value of land was 35.14 per cent on orchard farm and 34.36 per cent on agrarian farm. Regarding returns, gross return was Rs. 194752.86 on orchard farm and Rs. 189062.50 on agrarian farm. Net profit was Rs. 102425.07 on orchard farm while that was Rs. 97401.75 on agrarian farm. Output- input ratio was 2.11 on orchard farm and 2.06 on agrarian farm. Output- input ratio found to be more on orchard farm. It inferred that banana production was more profitable enterprise on orchard farm as compared to agrarian farm in Goa state.
Supply Chain Management Of Milk Inpatna Dairy Project (Bihar)
Author:N. K. Kale, S. S. Nimbalkar And T. S. Sonawane
Volume: 8 | Issue no: 2-2017 | Pagination: 409-413
In this study, an attempt has been made to study analysis of Procurement of raw milk for Patna Dairy project is done from the rural areas of five districts of Bihar through one channel only. Marketing of liquid milk is done in the town parts of the five districts of Bihar through two channels. Every producer has their own cattle and buffaloes. Jersey breed of cows are highest in number (52%) while in case of buffaloes, local breeds (72%) still wins the race. About 80 per cent of the producers purchase cattle feed, ?Sudhadaan? for their cattle, which is manufactured by PDP.Only 20 per cent of the producers have used artificial insemination provided by the PDP. Still only 33 per cent of the producers have attended the training programmes conducted by PDP.Only 10 per cent of the consumers are well aware of the toll free consumer?s help line number.
Profitability And Resource Efficiency In Hybrid Rice Seed Cultivation Under Contract Farming
Author:K. Rajashekar And Virendra Singh
Volume: 8 | Issue no: 2-2017 | Pagination: 401-408
The increasing demand for rice can be met only through firm increase in production and productivity. The inbred varieties? yield is stagnating; and among limited options hybrid technology is the only proven technology available for increasing rice production. The agro-climatic conditions of Telangana are conducive for hybrid rice seed production. The private companies have shown interest in hybrid rice seed production through contract farming. Present study was taken upto examine profitability and resource use efficiency in hybrid rice seed production. Primary data pertaining to 2013-14 was collected from 90 farmers of Karimnagar district.The net returns (Rs.65962 per ha) over cost C3 indicates that hybrid rice seed production is a profitable venture. Operational cost occupied about 60 per cent of total cost. Inputs seed, manures and fertilizers, plant protection chemicals and growth regulator were used sub-optimally, while the machine power was used excessively. The farmers need training on hybridization skills and resource use. The package of practices of crop operations based on mechanical techniques need to be evolved to reduce dependence on human labour and to reduce cost of seed production.
Trend And Change Point Analysis Of Rainfall Of Various Districts Of Bihar
Author:Nitin Varshney And Subhrajit Satpathy
Volume: 8 | Issue no: 2-2017 | Pagination: 393-400
Precipitation trend analysis has been of great concern during the past century because of the attention given to global climate change by the scientific community. The study of precipitation trends is critically important for a country like India whose food security and economy are dependent on the timely availability of water such as 83 per cent water used for agriculture sector, 12 per cent for industry sector and only 5 per cent for domestic sector. So the present study attempted to know the trend of rainfall of five different districts viz., Araria, Kishanganj, Madhubani, Purnia and West Champaran of Bihar for the period (1950-2000). The change point analysis has been critically analyzed for observing any change. For this purpose, rainfall data have been collected from respective meteorological stations.Statistical analysis of trend subjected to Mann-Kendall test, Sen?s slope testand change point analysis.
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