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Medicine and Dentistry >
Santosh University Journal of Health Sciences
Editor in chief:Dr B. R. Sharma
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Split And Preserve -A Case Report
Author:Karan Khurana, Akriti, Dildeep Bali, Vijaya Dhar, Prashant Bhasin, Era Arora
Volume: 1 | Issue no: 2-2015 | Pagination: 118-122
Hemisection refers to sectioning of a mandibular molar into two halves followed by removal of the diseased root and its coronal portion. It can only be carried out in teeth where periodontal destruction has only affected one root and the treatment modality is beneficial to an overall treatment plan. This case reports a 26-year-old male patient who came to the Department Of Conservative Dentistry And Endodontics at Santosh Dental College Ghaziabad, with the chief complaint of pain in the Right lower back region since 2 weeks. Radiographic examination revealed themesial root with a broken instrument beyond the apex in the mesiolingual canal. It was decided to partially preserve the tooth by carrying out hemisection by removing the mesial root. The distal canal was obturated following restoration with post and core. After a 6-month routine follow up the periodontal apparatus and periapical tissues seemed to be normal with periapical healing i.r.t tooth no 47.
Ectopic Supernumerary Tooth In Nasal Cavity : A Rare Case Report
Author:Sonia Chawla, Mayank Singhal, Aditi Yadav
Volume: 1 | Issue no: 2-2015 | Pagination: 116-117
Supernumerary teeth are those which exceed the normal dental formula1. They are not uncommon and are found in approximately 1.2-3% of population2. Prevalence varies from place to place and rate as high as 6% has also been reported3. They are more common in males and mostly involve permanent dentition. Maxilla is affected more often as compared to mandible; the most common site of involvement is anterior maxillary region. Teeth are said to be ectopic when they do not follow normal path of eruption4. There may be minor variation in the path, for example as in crowding, but they are still within the oral cavity. Sometimes teeth may be found in totally ectopic location; for example many cases of ectopic teeth in Maxillary Antrum have been described. Eruption of tooth into nasal cavity is very rare. Very few cases have been reported in literature5,6. We are presenting here a case of ectopic tooth in nasal cavity.
Dental Implants: A Novel Way To Replace Missing Teeth
Author:Subuhi Siddiqui, S.V. Singh, Mohit Sharma, Amita Singla, Priyanka Thukral, Vineet Jain, Ritu Malhotr
Volume: 1 | Issue no: 2-2015 | Pagination: 112-115
A dental implant is an artificial tooth root replacement and is used to support restorations that resemble a tooth or group of teeth. Although a removable prosthesis or fixed bridge restoration is a viable treatment option in certain situations, many feel the most natural method to replace a tooth is to use an implant. This article presents a series of dental implant surgery cases restoring the edentulous areas where the removable prosthesis proved ineffective in providing comfort to the patient during function.
Gingival Depigmentation: A Case Report
Author:Shobhit Arora, Shweta Bali, Meenu Taneja, Priyanka Aggarwal, Vaibhav Joshi, Shweta Sinha
Volume: 1 | Issue no: 2-2015 | Pagination: 106-108
Gingival pigmentation which is caused by deposition of melanin pigment is a major esthetic concern for many people. Though, it is not a medical problem, many people complain of dark gums as non-esthetic. Esthetic gingival depigmentation can be performed in such patients with excellent results. A case is reported here in which a simple and effective surgical depigmentation was performed with a scalpel surgery.
Adenoid Cystic Carcinoma: A Case Report
Author:Monisha Batra, Seema Sharma, Parul Jhamb, Kanika Bhalla Prabhat, Geeta Sharma, Manu Gupta
Volume: 1 | Issue no: 2-2015 | Pagination: 102-105
Adenoid cystic carcinoma(ACC) is a diagnostic challenge owing to its rarity of occurrence. It is considered as one of the intermediate grades of salivary gland neoplasms. ACC is characterized by slow growth, which causes extensive invasion and aggressive ability for early metastatic deposits. This article describes a case of adenoid cystic carcinoma involving the right side of the hard palate.
Topical Corticosteroids: Applications In Dentistry
Author:Manish Gupta, Chanderudey Singh Pawar, Manu Gupta
Volume: 1 | Issue no: 2-2015 | Pagination: 99-101
Topical corticosteroids are used extensively in dentistry in the management of oral mucosal diseases. Like all medications, the success of topical steroids also depends upon the understanding of disease process. This comprises specific diagnosis and clear understanding of the desirable treatment outcome. This paper reviews the use of topical corticosteroids in the treatment of various conditions affecting the oral cavity.
Challenges In Implementation Of Adolescent Health Strategies Of Rmnch+A In Ghaziabad
Author:Latika Nath, R.K. Arya, G.K. Gupta, Narendra Singh
Volume: 1 | Issue no: 2-2015 | Pagination: 88-98
Background: The strategic approach to adolescent (10-19 years) health as part of the RMNCH+A consists of many community based initiatives implemented since February 2013 in India .These key strategies include adolescent reproductive health and nutrition counselling by ASHAs & ANMs, regular school health check-ups, community based services through peer educators and ARSH (Adolescent Reproductive and Sexual Health) clinics, WIFS (weekly iron folic acid supplementation) and promoting menstrual hygiene. Methods: Multi stage sampling technique was used to select sub centres from each of the 4 rural blocks of Ghaziabad by PPS method. A cross-sectional survey of 384 adolescents from villages of selected sub centres was done and mothers were interviewed in their presence using a semi structured questionnaire on the adolescent services provided and utilized by them. Results: Among the 384 adolescents, 63/196 (32%) girls and 19/188 (10%) boys had undergone a school health check up in the last one year. Among the respondents 15% had regular weekly iron and folic acid supplementation but only 6% said they actually consumed the tablets. None knew the location of AFHC (adolescent friendly health clinic) nor any fixed day approach to counselling services. Only 44% boys and 32% girls said they would avail of clinic-based counselling facility if provided. Among the female adolescents 32% had been counselled by ASHAs on menstrual hygiene, 83% used sanitary napkins by choice. Lack of contact with ASHA (OR: 3.0, 95%CI 1.1-7.7), preference for private health sector (OR: 3.0, 95% 1.9-7.6), lack of regular school health check- ups (OR: 2.6, 95% CI 1.6-3.8) were significant risk factors for non-adoption of menstrual hygiene advice. Conclusions: The adolescent services are sub-optimal in the district presently. Non consumption of IFA tablets needs to be addressed by better co-ordination between Education and Health department. Home based counselling should be strengthened in our socio-cultural milieu as per need.
Evaluation Of Oral Health Status Of School Going Children In Ghaziabad City
Author:Archana Aggarwal, Natasha Gambhir, Varun Gupta, Rinku Garg
Volume: 1 | Issue no: 2-2015 | Pagination: 85-87
Introduction: Oral health is an integral part of the general health and well-being of an individual and is now recognized as an equally important criterion. Knowledge of dental health and treatment needs of school children is important for developing appropriate preventive school health programs, anticipating utilization patterns, and planning effectively for organization and financing of dental resources. Therefore, the following study was taken up with the aim to evaluate the oral health status in the School going children of the Ghaziabad, Uttar Pradesh. Material and Methodology: A total of 1685 students between the ages 2-16 were clinically examined from 15 different schools and were screened for Dental caries and periodontal status, according to WHO Criteria. Results: About 44% of the children presented with dental caries & the number of carious teeth ranged from 1-5. 7-11 years age group showed maximum prevalence. Females were found to have more periodontal problems as compared to males, as well as individuals belonging to 7-11 years age group showed more periodontal problems as compared to other age groups. Conclusion: This study substantiated the need to develop preventive school health programs along with the improvement of dental health services for school children.
Inflammatory Markers And Association Between Periodontics And Cardiovascular Disease
Author:Preeti Sharma, Pradeep Kumar, Geeta Sharma, M. Itagappa
Volume: 1 | Issue no: 2-2016 | Pagination: 82-84
Oral health and cardiovascular disease have been proposed to link for more than a century. Recently, concern about possible links between periodontal disease (PD) and Atherosclerotic vascular disease (ASVD) has intensified and become an active field of investigation into possible association and causality. Great attention of the world researchers has been focused on to explore a possible association between oral health and systemic diseases.
Comparison Of Mind Control Techniques: An Assessment Of Reaction Times
Author:Varun Malhotra, Jai Prakash Jha, Rinku Garg, Yogish Tripathi, Om Prakash Jha, Neera Goel
Volume: 1 | Issue no: 2-2015 | Pagination: 77-81
Every activity requires a certain amount of concentration and no effective action may be performed without deep concentration. Businessman or artists or students in school must know the art of focusing all powers of attention on a single point in order to succeed in their respective vocation. We wanted to find the best technique to increase the concentration scientifically. We thus, endeavored to study and compare the reaction times in maneuvers of anuloma viloma pranayama, kapalbhatti pranayama, gayatri chanting and exercise. Reaction time test was taken online before anuloma viloma pranayama, kapalbhatti pranayama, gayatri chanting and exercise and compared after. Reaction times decreased significantly and were least during gayatri mantra. Concentration as seen by a decrease in visual reaction time denotes first a withdrawal of attention from objects of distraction and then focusing all attention upon one thing at a time. Just 30 minutes of physical activity each day offers substantial benefits to your health. Pranayama or devotional music chanting also decreases fatigue keeps the mind alert, and active.
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