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Medicine and Dentistry >
Medicine and Dentistry (General)
International Journal of Maxillofacial Imaging
Editor in chief:Dr. Akhilanand Chaurasia
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Bilateral Tonsillolith ? An Incidental Finding
Author:Asha Ml, Priyanka Baswaraj Lasune, Chaitanya Redy, Lekshmy J, Rajaratnam, Mahesh Kumar
Volume: 2 | Issue no: 3-2016 | Pagination: 113-114
A calcified mass within the tonsil is called as Tonsillolith and it is a relatively rare entity commonly found in the tonsillar crypt. They are usually single and unilateral, but occasionally may be multiple or bilateral. This report describes a case of 54 year-old man whose radiography revealed a cluster of multiple small ill-defined radiopacities ranging from 0.2 to 0.5 cm in diameter overlapping on both the right and left ramus of the mandible. The patient was asymptomatic, but he was having mild halitosis since 6 month. As the patient was not willing for surgery, he will be monitored due to the tendency of such lesions to grow.
Unerupted Complex Odontoma Of The Posterior Mandible: A Case Report
Author:Lekshmy J, S. Padmashree, Padma Pandeshwar
Volume: 2 | Issue no: 3-2016 | Pagination: 110-112
Odontomas represent most common odontogenic tumours. They are usually clinically asymptomatic and are diagnosed mostly on routine radiographic examinations. We hereby report a case of complex odontome in relation to posterior mandible in a 23 year old male patient. This case is significant as the occurance of complex odontomes are comparatively rare.
The Role Of Maxillofacial Surgeon In The Management Of Skull Base Tumors
Author:Dharmesh Kumar Raja Av, Dinesh Ram Raja Av, Venkadasalapathi N, Shakul
Volume: 2 | Issue no: 3-2016 | Pagination: 107-109
The complexity of tumors extending to the skull base compartments is technically demanding for maximum visualization, control of the vital structures, adequate tumor resection and/or reconstruction. Management of such widely extending tumors requires a team approach and close co-operation between the neurosurgeon, maxillofacial surgeon, oto-rhino-laryngologist and ophthalmic surgeon. This article emphasizes on the role of maxillofacial surgeon in the surgical planning of such extensively involving tumors via facial translocation.
Comparative Evaluation Of Cephalometric Data Obtained From Manual Cephalometry
Volume: 2 | Issue no: 3-2016 | Pagination: 103-106
Background: Digital cephalometrics is an amalgation of Traditional Cephalometry. The emergence of computerized cephalometry has develop the need to examine the advantages and drawbacks of Traditional method of cephalometric analysis. Material and Method: The study sample consisted of 25 lateral cephalometric radiographs which were selected randomly from the data files. Results: The results of this study assessed that hand tracing procedure was by far, the most time consuming, while digital method of tracing were faster and simpler. Conclusion: The computerised cephalometric tracing method by digitization is more reliable and consistent as compared to manual cephalometric tracing method
Correlation Between Developmental Stages Of Mandibular Third Molar And Retromolar Space
Author:Syeda Arshiya Ara, Humera Ayesha
Volume: 2 | Issue no: 3-2016 | Pagination: 97-102
Background: The degree of formation of third molar, its presence and position is associated with the development of this tooth. A decrease eruption space between lower second molar and ramus has been identified as an etiology of lower third molar impaction. Aims and objectives: To assess the association between developmental stages of the mandibular third molars and space distal to the permanent molars (retromolar space). Materials and method: The study included pre-treatment lateral cephalographs and orthopantomograms of 200 orthodontic patients (136 females and 64 males) of age group from 8 and 18 years old. The molar formation stages were assessed by the method of Nolla?s. The retromolar distance was measured from the most concave point of the anterior border of the ramus to the distal surface of the first molar. Statistical analysis included analyses of variance for group differences and pearson product moment for assessing associations among variables. Results: High correlation between developmental stage of third molar and retromolar space (r=0.726) was observed. The formation stage advanced with age, but wide standard deviations were noted. The retromolar distance increased with age and was greatest between 9 and 12 years. An increment of 5 mm of retromolar space corresponds to a 2.4 stage in tooth maturation. Conclusions: The developmental formation of mandibular third molar is associated with the available retromolar space. An increase in retromolar distance suggests a higher chance of eruption, an advanced stage of development of the mandibular third molar might be an additional indicator of future eruption
Our Experience With Submandibular Swellings
Author:Ms Emmanuel, M Sudeep, L. Sudarshan Reddy, Rohith Stephen
Volume: 2 | Issue no: 3-2016 | Pagination: 92-96
The Submandibular Gland lies in Submandibular triangle(1). Submandibular swellings are not so common. They constitute 3% of all the neoplasms, 60% of which are benign(2). In this study the incidence, relationship of clinical presentation and pathological findings and the management of 8 patients admitted in Govt. ENT Hospital, Hyderabad over a period of 8 months from January to August 2010 is published.
Mri 3d Ciss: A Boon For Neuro Imaging
Author:Asha Ml, Reenu Jose, Chaithanya Reddy, Lekshmy J, Rajaratanam, Mahesh Kumar
Volume: 2 | Issue no: 3-2016 | Pagination: 88-91
The cerebrovascular system plays a key role in supporting the brain by providing oxygen and nutrients. The coupling between neuronal activity and vascular response is controlled by the neurovascular unit (NVU). Dysfunction in the neuronal cells may impair the proper control of vascular responses by the NVU. Magnetic resonance imaging is the most powerful tool available to investigate neurovascular pathologies. Three-dimensional (3D) constructive interference in steady state (CISS) is a fully refocused steady-state gradient-echo MRI sequence. This sequence is now freely available and is frequently included with MRI to investigate a wide range of pathologies for detailed view of neurovascular anatomy. In oral and maxillofacial region, this has been applied to understand the neurovascular pathology behind diseases like Trigeminal neuralgia, nerve hypertrophy etc. He
Author:Kundoor Vinay Kumar Reddy, Krishna Priya Pasupuleti, Anurag Ellanki, Kotya Naik Maloth, Kesidi Sunit.
Volume: 2 | Issue no: 2-2016 | Pagination: 85-87
Cleidocranial dysplasia (CCD) is an autosomal dominant developmental anomaly with craniofacial, skeletal and dental malformations. The gene causing CCD has been mapped to chromosome 6p21 within a region containing CBFA1, a member of the runt family of transcription factors. It is characterised by failure of membranous ossification resulting in absence or pseudoarthrosis of clavicle, open fontenelles, impacted and supernumerary teeth. The short stature, long and narrow neck with marked droopeding shoulders. CCD patients exhibit prognathic mandibular appearance due to maxillary hypoplasia and also exhibit relatively short cranial base. Here with describing a case of Scheithauer-Marie-Sainton syndrome, in a 30 year old male patient.
Bilateral Gemination In Mandibular Lateral Incisor ? A Rare Case Report
Author:Virender Gombra, Mandeep Kaur, Arpita Rai, Shamimul Hasan.
Volume: 2 | Issue no: 2-2016 | Pagination: 82-84
Double teeth are developmental anomaly which occurs as a sequel of fusion of two teeth or as a sequel of division of single tooth bud during tooth formation. Gemination is seen more commonly in deciduous teeth and may be present in permanent dentition. This article presents a rare case report of bilateral gemination of 32 and 42 in 22 year old female patient. Intraoral radiograph showed fused crown, pulp chamber and single canal for 42 and fused pulp chamber with separate roots for 32. Double tooth diagnosis, differential diagnosis and its classification with treatment has been discussed. Gemination is similar in appearance to fusion and this article highlights their difference in clinical and radiographic appearance.
Odontogenic Keratocyst Associated With Impacted Maxillary 3rd Molar And Involving The Maxillary Antrum: A Rarity
Author:Latika Bachani, Ashok Lingappa.
Volume: 2 | Issue no: 2-2016 | Pagination: 77-81
Odontogenic keratocyst (OKC) was first introduced by Phillipsen in 1956 to describe keratin containing jaw cysts. This cyst is considered unique because of its aggressive behavior, high recurrence rate, and characterstic histopathologic features. In 2005, the World Health Organization reclassified OKC and named it as "keratocystic odontogenic tumor" (KCOT). It frequently involves the mandibular posterior region and involvement of the posterior maxilla is a rare occurrence. However, when it does, it can easily expand to occupy the entire maxilla. Hence, this article highlights this rarity by reporting a case of OKC associated with impacted right maxillary third molar in the maxillary antrum.
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