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Medicine and Dentistry >
Medicine and Dentistry (General)
Indian Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Research
Editor in chief:Dr. Arun Kumar Garg
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Orthodontic Management Of Impacted Mandibular Canine- A Case Report
Author:Anadha N. Gujar, Ms Rani
Volume: 2 | Issue no: 3-2016 | Pagination: 131-135
The occurrence of impacted mandibular canine is very rare with several treatment options proposed for it. This case report describes the diagnosis and treatment of impacted mandibular canine by surgical exposure and orthodontic positioning of it.
Interceptive Orthodontics: A Headway Towards Normal Occlusion ?Report Of Two Cases
Author:Ravinder Kaur Gulati, Parul Bhatnagar, Pranav Gupta, Kumar Nilotpal
Volume: 2 | Issue no: 3-2016 | Pagination: 126-130
Guidance of eruption and development of the primary, mixed, and permanent dentition is an integral component of comprehensive oral health care for all pediatric dental patients. Such guidance should contribute to the development of a permanent dentition that is in a stable, functional and esthetically acceptable occlusion and normal subsequent dentofacial development. Early diagnosis and successful treatment of developing malocclusions can have both short-term and long-term benefits while achieving the goals of occlusal harmony and function and dentofacial esthetics. Anterior crossbite, midline closure, single tooth malocclusion, increased overbite, increased overjet, palatally or labially placed tooth, single tooth rotation are one such malocclusions that involves the use of minor orthodontic correction. Treating these cases in the late mixed dentition period provides improvement in esthetic as well as causes well alignment of the teeth. So, the purpose of this article is to present case reports of patients with different forms of malocclusion treated with simple interceptive fixed orthodontic treatment achieving satisfactory results
Evaluation Of Effect Of Third Molars On Lower Anterior Crowding
Volume: 2 | Issue no: 3-2016 | Pagination: 123-125
Background: Increase in crowding in mandibular arch with increasing age is a significant clinical problem. The etiology of this phenomenon has been a topic of debate for several decades. The purpose of this study was to test, whether there is any correlation between presence of mandibular third molar and lower anterior crowding. Material and Methods: The study was conducted on orthodontic study models and orthopantomogram obtained from 90 subjects with an average age 21.01±4.13 years. The subjects were divided into 3 groups (30 subjects each) based on the eruption status of mandibular third molars which included; (i) Erupted Third Molar Group, (ii) Erupting Third Molar Group, (iii) Agenesis of Third Molar Group . Carey?s analysis was performed for each model and statistical analysis was done. Results: No significant differences in amount of crowding were found among three groups. Conclusions: The lower anterior crowding is a very common feature of a completed permanent dentition. No statistically significant difference in the amount of crowding is present when subjects with erupted, erupting and agenesis of third molar are compared.
Effectiveness Of Alum And Chlorhexidine Mouth Rinses On Oral Hygiene Of School Children Aged 13-15 Yrs: A Comparative In Vivo Study
Author:Chethan J, Priyanka Bb, Sarfaraz Hassan, Sujith
Volume: 2 | Issue no: 3-2016 | Pagination: 119-122
Objectives: The study aimed to determine the efficacy of 0.02 Molar solution of Alum and positive control Chlorhexidine mouth rinse of 0.2% in reducing debris and calculus. Materials and Methods: A Double blind Randomized clinical trial was conducted among school children of two Govt. school; 0.02 Molar solution of Alum was given to one govt. school children and 0.2% of Chlorhexidine mouth rinse children was given to another govt. school. Oral hygiene status was assessed at baseline, 1 month and 2 month using Simplified Oral hygiene Index (OHI-S). Results: 70 school children in each group completed the study with mean baseline oral hygiene score for Alum group and chlorhexidine group was 4.4093 and 4.4631. After 1 months the oral hygiene score for both the group was 3.137 and 3.0779. Similarly After 2 months the oral hygiene score for both the group was 2.6786 and 2.6312 respectively, representing an improvement in the oral hygiene of school children (P< 0.05). Conclusion: The Present study showed equal reduction in debris score and calculus score in both Alum group as well as Chlorhexidine group.
Reliability Of Bolton Teeth Ratio In Dual Pour Alginate Impression With Plaster And Digital Models
Author:Siddharth Sonwane, B. Sunil Kumar, Shweta Rk, Deepti Rajput, Heeralal Chokotiya
Volume: 2 | Issue no: 3-2016 | Pagination: 115-118
Aim: The purpose of this study was to compare the values of Bolton ratio for plaster dental casts versus software -based dental models made from a dual pour alginate impression. Materials and Methods: Maxillary and mandibular alginate impressions were made for a sample of thirty-six patients with permanent dentitions from first molar to first molar. Impressions were poured in plaster allowed to set for 8-10 minutes. Casts were removed after cleaning second plaster poured. Thus without damaging dual pour procedure were performed. For digital casts, obtained plaster casts were Scanned and imported into software to perform digital cast?s analysis. Measurements of mesiodistal tooth width were made using digital calipers or Nemoceph software. Overall and anterior Bolton analyses were performed for all models. Measurements were repeated no less than two weeks later. Results were statistically analyzed for correlation coefficients and student t ?test was performed. Results: Correlations showed very high intrarater reliability for measurements made on both plaster and digital casts. Boltons ratio has shown statistically significance differences between plaster and digital casts in mesiodistal measurements of both maxillary and mandibular arches. Values of mean difference between plaster and digital casts were 0.68 mm in the maxillary arch and 1.35 mm in the mandibular arch. Value of mean difference between plaster and plaster and between digital and second pour were negligible. Conclusions: This study concludes that first pour plaster casts and second pour plaster casts has negligible differences, similarly between digital casts thus it is significant that both casts can be used for multiple uses depending up on clinician experience.
Applicability Of Bolton'S Analysis: A Study On Bhopal Population
Author:Heeralal Chokotiya, Siddhartha Sonwane, Abhishek Jain, Saumil Dwivedi, Pratibha Sharma, Jayesh Rai
Volume: 2 | Issue no: 3-2016 | Pagination: 112-114
Introduction: The ratios of maxillary and mandibular tooth sizes represent an important aspect in the diagnosis and treatment planning of an individual. Because different tooth sizes have been associated with different ethnic groups, it is logical to expect that differences in tooth widths can directly affect tooth-widths ratios. Aims and Objectives: The aim of the study was to determine whether the mean overall and anterior ratio of Bhopal population would significantly differ from Caucasian (Bolton?s) values. Material and Methods: The study was conducted on Bhopal (Madhya Pradesh, India) population. Subjects included randomly selected 70 Orthodontic patients, with age range of 12 to 18 years. Measurements obtained from the models included the maximum mesiodistal (MD) tooth sizes of all permanent teeth except second and third molars. The data collected was analyzed statistically. The total and anterior ratios were determined by Bolton?s formula. Results: No statistically significant differences were found among males and females for the anterior and overall ratios. The anterior ratio was significantly higher from Bolton?s standard while the overall ratio was not significantly different.
Evaluation Of Additional Antiplaque And Antigingivitis Effect Of Mouth Rinse And Dental Floss On Routine Manual Tooth Brushing
Author:Chethan J, Priyanka Bb, Sujith, Sarfaraz Hassan
Volume: 2 | Issue no: 3-2016 | Pagination: 106-111
Objectives: The present study was conducted to determine the additional plaque and gingivitis reduction achieved by mouthrinse and floss, when used individually as adjuncts to routine manual tooth brushing. Material and Methods: This randomized, examiner blind, parallel 3-cell study was conducted over a period of two months. At the initial visit, the gingival and plaque scores of 90 adult subjects were recorded using Loe and Silness Gingival index and Turesky, Gilmore, Glickman modification of Quigley Hein plaque index respectively. This was followed by a random allocation of the study subjects into 3 groups: toothbrush toothpaste; toothbrush toothpaste and mouthrinse; and toothbrush toothpaste and floss. Oral prophylaxis and the respective products were provided to all the study subjects, who were subsequently recalled after 15 days, 1month and 2 months for gingival and plaque examinations using the above mentioned indices. Results: At the end of 2 months, the mouthrinse and the floss groups showed 42.61% and 37.63% reduction in the mean plaque scores respectively as compared to 17.98% reduction in the toothbrush tooth paste group. The percentage reductions in the mean gingival scores among the mouthrinse and floss groups were 40.09% and 37.62% respectively as compared to the toothbrush toothpaste group which showed 31.43% of reduction. The difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). Conclusion: An additional 24.67% and 19.6% of plaque reductions and 8.95% and 5.94% of gingivitis reductions were contributed by mouthrinse and floss respectively to the routine manual tooth brushing.
Obstructive Sleep Apnea Etiology, Diagnosis, Management And Dental Considerations
Author:Supneet Singh Wadhwa, Nidhi Duggal, Anshul Chaudhry, Girish Chaudhry
Volume: 2 | Issue no: 3-2016 | Pagination: 100-105
It has been reported that 10% of men and 5% of women in the 30-40 year age group are habitual snorers, prevalence of which increases with age. Upper airway sleep disorders are becoming recognized common medical concerns. The management and treatment of obstructive sleep apnea patients have long since been addressed by medical personals. Recently, dental participation in management of the patients through oral devices has been accepted as a recommended treatment modality by the American Sleep Disorders Association. As dental professionals, we have significant role to play in the early diagnosis, management and care of patients suffering from sleep apnea. This article reviews the etiology, clinical features, management and dental perspective of obstructive sleep apnea.
Overview Of Diagnostic Tools In Maxillary Canine Impaction
Author:Devanshi Yadav Anand, Ms Rani, Dhruv Anand, Anadha Gujar, Shailaja Am
Volume: 2 | Issue no: 3-2016 | Pagination: 99-94
Permanent maxillary canines are the second most frequently impacted teeth. The prevalence of their impaction is 1-2% in the general population. This is most likely due to an extended development period and the long, tortuous path of eruption before the canine emerges into full occlusion. Methods of diagnosis that may allow for early detection and prevention should include a family history, visual and tactile clinical examinations by the age of 9-10 years and a thorough radiographic assessment .When the condition is identified early, extraction of the maxillary deciduous canines may, in specific cases, allow the impacted canines to correct their paths of eruption and erupt into the mouth in relatively good alignment. The aim of this article is to summarize current literature about the localization of the impacted canines and the various analysis applicable, also to introduce transtomography as a diagnostic tool.
Invisalign: The Contact Lenses For Teeth
Author:Stuti Mohan, Shalu Jain, Ashutosh
Volume: 2 | Issue no: 1-2016 | Pagination: 34-38
Invisalign is a series of removable clear appliances to effect tooth movement in orthodontic therapy carried through ?An Invisible? way of straightening teeth without using antiquated metallic braces and wires. It instead adopts a method of fabricating clear custom fabricated aligners designed to gradually and sequentially move teeth to their desired positions using a computer assisted technology. Also called as ?Aligners? or as "Repositioners". The main aim of this study is to search the current literature regarding the Invisalign system. This systematic review will provide a more up-to-date understanding of this system, as well, an evaluation of the indications, contra-indications and case selection using Invisalign can also be conducted.
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